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外国人讨论:汉语的未来在何方?

2020-02-14 21:41 我要评论(0)

核心提示:随着汉语成为东亚商业语言,它的影响力越来越大。虽然中文对于以英语为母语的人来说可能很难,但是对于说日语和韩语的人来说就容易多了,因为他们的语言本就源于汉语。

外国人讨论:汉语的未来在何方?

What is the future of the Chinese language? 

译文来源:https://www.quora.com/What-is-the-future-of-the-Chinese-language

正文翻译原创翻译:龙腾网

翻译:翻译熊

What is the future of the Chinese language?

Meghan Marie Phelps, Credits Chinese, BFSU (2012)

Answered Jun 17, 2018

There are 400 million Chinese studying English and China has more English learners than the U.S. has English speakers. Ok, that should settle it, the global language de facto will never be Chinese. But wait a second. The reason there are so many English speakers globally is that colonizers spread English far and wide. As innovation continues to spread as well, so to does the influence of the strongest market and the biggest presence.

The dichotomy is changing, however. No one will argue that business is booming in China and the purchasing power of their citizens is massive. Globalization is dictating that companies are beginning to desperately search for ways to break into the market there. What does that mean? More businesses hiring practices are turning to bilingual employees to fill tech, science, marketing, advertising, and real estate positions. Take Mark Zuckerberg for example, he’s perfectly poised to enter China’s market and work on collaborative projects. That point is purely speculation but let’s continue in the vein of business sense. For example, doing business with a Chinese partner will put you at a strong disadvantage if you cannot speak Chinese regardless if your partner speaks English. Let''s say you hear what your partner wants to disclose in a meeting, yet the finer details between Chinese speaking colleagues (that your partner does not necessarily want you to access) will be discussed without you will leave you without a clue as to the proceedings. It’s only benefits everyone if more people learn a second language. And increasingly, it’s been Chinese. As employers demand Chinese speaking employees the education system has taken note. While Chinese parents send their children to US schools, Americans are increasingly sending their children to immersion programs in Chinese Universities, online courses, and satellite schools. More and more US schools are offering Chinese as a second language option. Chinese universities are experiencing an influx of enrollments of Russian, Korean, Italian, Indian and other foreign students as well. The biggest trend is at home learning from online teachers. Chinese has become more influential as it becomes the language for business in East Asia. While Chinese might be difficult for native English speakers, it’s easier for Japanese and Korean speakers since their language has roots in Chinese already.

One argument is that the Chinese language isn’t as wide-spread globally as English. Sure, the language isn’t being spoken in households but travel to any tourist destination and what population of tourists are there more of? Go to Thailand, Korea, or a number of Asian tourist destinations, and the shop staff, servers, and vendors have learned to speak Chinese to appeal to the customers.

Another undeniable facet that could challenge how Chinese spreads is real estate. Chinese are purchasing real estate and acquiring foreign companies lately and it’s been insatiable. China has purchased the worlds largest pig and pork producer from the US as well as other farmland and businesses. They have purchased and have been developing an astounding portion of the African continent. They are building infrastructure, settling, and investing to start up businesses there. Now students from various African countries are making the shift from English to Chinese in their schools, while Chinese are not adopting any African languages.

The world of business changes rapidly and unmercifully. Capitalism and globalization trends have the only say for the future of language prence. With that being said, it’s undeniable that Chinese has the potential to rival English in popularity and become a force in business and global trade but replacing its pervasiveness is unlikely. But it’s not a bad idea to log in online and study a couple times a week nonetheless.

Meghan Marie Phelps, 北京外国语大学 (2012)

中国有4亿人在学习英语,中国学英语的人比美国说英语的人还多。好吧,我明说,事实上全球语言永远不会是中文。

但,等一下。全球有这么多说英语的人的原因是,殖民者把英语传播得又远又广。随着创新的不断扩散,最强大的市场和最大的存在的影响也在扩散。

 

由于雇主要求会说中文的雇员,教育系统已经注意到了这一点。当中国家长把孩子送到美国学校时,美国人越来越多地把孩子送到中国的大学、在线课程和卫星学校的浸入式课程中。越来越多的美国学校将汉语作为第二语言。俄罗斯、韩国、意大利、印度和其他外国学生也纷纷涌入中国大学。最大的趋势是在家向在线教师学习。

随着汉语成为东亚商业语言,它的影响力越来越大。虽然中文对于以英语为母语的人来说可能很难,但是对于说日语和韩语的人来说就容易多了,因为他们的语言本就源于汉语。

有一种观点认为,汉语在全球的传播不如英语广泛。当然,这种语言不是在家庭中使用,而是在去任何旅游目的地旅行时使用。去泰国、韩国或一些亚洲旅游目的地,商店的工作人员、服务员和商贩都学会了说中文来吸引顾客。

另一个不可否认的方面是房地产,它可能会对中国的房地产价差构成挑战。中国人最近在购买房地产和收购外国公司,而且一直是欲求不满的。

中国已经从美国购买了世界上最大的生猪和猪肉生产商,以及其他农田和企业。他们已经购买并开发了非洲大陆的一个惊人的部分。他们在那里建设基础设施、定居并投资创业。现在,来自非洲各国的学生正在他们的学校里进行从英语到汉语的转变,而中国人没有采用任何非洲语言。

商业世界瞬息万变。资本主义和全球化趋势是未来语言普及的唯一标志。话虽如此但不可否认的是,汉语有潜力在受欢迎程度上与英语匹敌,成为商业和全球贸易的一股力量,但不太可能取代英语的普遍性。

尽管如此,每周上网学习几次也不是个坏主意。

Terrence Reed, I have been a Hong Kong resident for six years and lived in Guangzhou in 1998-1999.

English has been the language of power for a long time, so it is hard to think of a world where English in not the dominant language. The power of English is economic, first with the English speaking British Empire leading up to the second world war, and the American Empire since the end of the second world war.

As the power and influence of The USA declines relative to the growth of China, Russia, India and Brasil (the BRICs), the dominance of English as the language of power will also see a decline. This is especially true as the Internet provides increasing levels of accuracy in translation between languages with no extra cost. More an more people are able to use technology in their local language, so the necessity of learning English is decreasing. The same can be said for Japan. There are still a lot of Japanophiles out there, but the necessity of learning Japanese to appreciate Japanese culture is evaporating as translations are ubiquitous in English, Chinese, French, German, etc. It is increasingly easy and practical for people to rely on their mother tongue instead of having to add English, Japanese, Chinese, etc.

As the growth of China''s economy continues to outstrip that of the USA, it will soon, and in some ways already has, exceed that of the USA. There is increasing demand for Chinese (Putonghua/Mandarin) to be taught in schools around the world as the result. It used to be the case that local Chinese in Hong Kong only wanted to learn English, but increasingly Putonghua is becoming essential not only for success in the workplace, but for daily life. This is true in most of the cities in China, Putonghua is pushing out local languages.

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Robert Rosenthall, senior staff manager for the USA Army Corps of Engineers, Banking, humanitarian projects developer for the ...

Originally Answered: What is the future of Chinese language?

It will slowly grow to English.

More business transaction people speak English language very well. All of the top schools in China teach English language and the 5 million Chinese people in the USA speak English.

We are The Rrosenthall Group USA, an international engineering firm that works with governments and Financial institutions worldwide in humanitarian and economic development in South America, Asia and many African countries with NGO''S and heads of state.

In 201200am when most of the world currency will go to the Gold standard meaning that you will need to have money backed up by Gold to successful conduct international financial transactions and banking. The Dollar as we know will change. China will be the number one financial power in the world. Many of the major problems in China will need American consultant who ONLY speak English language. Thus, the leadership of China will be delighted and forced make English language TOP priority in China. The oldest civilization on Earth will never forget OR kill its two Chinese language. BUT in the TOP LEADERSHIP, Educational and Financial circles the English language will be a TOP priority in China.

Robert Rrosenthall USA

The Rrosenthall Group USA,

Robert Rosenthall, 美国陆军工程兵团、银行,人道主义项目开发高级职员经理

它(汉语)将慢慢地发展成英语。

很多商务人士英语说得很好,中国所有的顶尖学校都教英语,在美国的500万华人也说英语。

我们是Rrosenthall集团美国公司,这是一家国际工程公司,与世界各国政府和金融机构在南美洲、亚洲和许多非洲国家的人道主义和经济发展方面进行合作,与非政府组织和国家元首进行合作。

当世界大多数货币将走向金本位时,这意味着你需要有黄金做后盾的货币来成功地进行国际金融交易和银行业务。我们知道美元地位将会改变,中国将成为世界头号金融强国。

但中国的许多重大问题都需要只会说英语的美国顾问。因此,中国的领导人将很高兴同时又被迫把英语作为中国的首要任务。

地球上最古老的文明将永远不会忘记或消灭它的中文。但在高层领导、教育界和金融界,英语将是中国的重中之重。

Gabriel Chan, quintilingual part-time polyglot

Chinese is a language family where the written form is mutually intelligible between its members but spoken form is not. As far as I know, there is no other language system like this in the world, where people can understand if they write but not when they speak.

Mandarin (Putonghua) will be the dominant spoken form and the primary influence on lexicon and culture. However I think it is a sad development because each regional spoken Chinese is rich in its own lexicon and culture. These will gradually be lost after a few more generations unless the government takes measures to preserve these heritages.

The exception would be Cantonese, Teochew, Hokkien which have huge overseas diaspora, but especially Cantonese, which enjoy a high social and cultural status in Macau and Hong Kong.

In the distant future, if East Asia becomes a peaceful economic power block, a modern auxiliary East Asian language (à la Esperanto) may emerge as a new lingua franca for the region.

Gabriel Chan,通晓多种语言

汉语是一个语言家族,其中书面形式是汉语成员相互理解的载体,但口语形式不是。据我所知,世界上还没有其他类似的语言系统,人们可以在书写时(相互)理解,但在说话时却无法理解。

普通话将成为最主要的口语形式,并对词汇和文化产生重要影响。然而,我认为这是一个可悲的发展,因为每个地区的汉语口语都有丰富的词汇和文化。如果政府不采取措施保护这些遗产的话,再过几代就会逐渐消失。

唯一的例外是广东人、潮州人、福建人,他们拥有大量的海外移民,尤其是广东人,他们在澳门和香港享有很高的社会和文化地位。

在遥远的将来,如果东亚成为一个和平的经济强国,一种现代的东亚辅助语言(世界语)可能会成为该地区新的通用语。

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Bella Johnson, studied Chinese at University of Arizona

Answered Apr 19, 2018

The Chinese language will continue to gain influence and learners abroad.

One of the reasons that the Chinese language may challenge English in the future, is the ability of the Chinese to create useful and convenient apps and websites for daily use.

While apps such as WhatsApp, Uber and Facebook all were created in the United States, Chinese entrepreneurs have created their own versions for use in China. Foreigners that try these Chinese versions are very impressed by their features and ease of use. Currently, many popular apps in China, such as the most widely-used car and ride-sharing app in the world, “滴滴出行 (Dīdī chūxíng) Didi Chuxing”.

These Chinese apps are gaining traction around the world and may one day, not any time soon, but maybe one day give English-based apps some serious competition. I believe this will give Mandarin Chinese more momentum.

In addition to technology, worldwide economic momentum is being led by East Asia. The economy of East Asia is booming and will most likely continue to do so in the coming decades. While Japan and South Korea maintain thriving economies, it is China that has added the most growth and international trade.

It is probably the most interesting language to be following (and learning) for today and the future. Stay tuned!

Bella Johnson, 曾在亚利桑那大学学习中文

汉语将继续在海外获得影响力和学习者。

中文在未来可能挑战英语的一个原因是,中国人有能力为日常生活制造出有用的、方便的APP和网站。

虽然WhatsApp、Uber和Facebook等应用程序都是在美国开发的,但中国企业家也开发了自己的版本供中国使用。尝试这些中国版本的外国人对它们的功能和易用性印象深刻。目前,中国有很多流行的应用,比如世界上最广泛使用的汽车和拼车应用——滴滴出行。

这些中国的应用程序正在全球范围内获得越来越多的关注,也许有一天,(虽然)不是很快,但也许有一天会给基于英语的应用程序带来一些严峻的竞争压力,我相信这也将给汉语普通话更多推动力。

除科技外,东亚也引领着世界经济的发展。东亚经济正在蓬勃发展,而且很可能在未来几十年继续如此。在日本和韩国保持经济繁荣的同时,中国的经济增长和国际贸易增长是最快的。

它可能是今天和将来学习的最有趣的语言。请继续关注!

3、

Gabriel Flores, M.s. from Guangdong University of Foreign Studies

Answered May 3, 2018

If China continues growing it will become an international language (IL), but, because of difficulty, English and even Spanish will always be the first election. In the next 200 hundred years everyone in this planet will speak at least one of these 3 languages. As always happens with IL the language will suffer some changes, chinese has already changed a lot and I think this 2 changes will happen in the next 200 years. First, in the future it will be more based on words rather than characters. What? Let me explain it, every character has an intrinsic meaning but if we speak like that we will sound like Confucius and it is very confusing (at least for a foreigner),so now we have words. For example long time ago they used 夷 to refer a foreigner now they use 外国人 which has a clearer meaning. These changes will make clear what is a verb, adjective, noun, etc… and will make it easier to learn, even now most of words are composed by two characters but the usage and function is still tricky. Second, the pinyin revolution will rise, every character in a public advertisement will add its pinyin just like children''s books. These changes will empower the language and will make it more enjoyable for foreigners and even for native speakers.

Gabriel Flores, 广东外语外贸大学硕士

如果中国继续发展,它将成为一种国际语言。但由于困难程度,英语甚至西班牙语将永远是第一选择。在未来的200年里,这个星球上的每个人都会说这三种语言中的至少一种。

语言总是会发生一些变化,汉语已经发生了很大的变化,我认为以下两种变化将在未来200年发生:

首先,在未来,汉语将更多地基于词而不是字。说明如下,汉语每个字都有准确的意义,但如果我们都按照字面意义去说话,我们会像古代文言文一样,这回导致大量的混乱(至少对于外国人来说如此)。于是我们有了(组合)词。

例如,很久以前古人用“夷”来指外国人,如今他们用的是“外国人”一词。这种变化让动词、形容词、名词等变得更加清晰,也更易学。现在大多数的单词都是由两个字符组成的,但是用法和功能仍然很复杂。

其次,拼音革命将会兴起,公共广告中的每个字都将加入拼音,就像儿童读物一样。这些变化将增强语言的力量,使外国人甚至以英语为母语的人都能更愉快地使用它。

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array(35) { [0]=> array(11) { ["contentid"]=> int(1362288) ["icon"]=> string(5) "blank" ["iconsrc"]=> string(0) "" ["title"]=> string(49) "郭松民: 疫病围城,如何应对谣言?" ["color"]=> string(0) "" ["url"]=> string(46) "http://www.m4.cn/opinion/2020-02/1362288.shtml" ["subtitle"]=> string(0) "" ["suburl"]=> string(0) "" ["thumb"]=> string(27) "2020/0204/1580811653822.jpg" ["description"]=> string(316) "有时候,谣言导致的危害,甚至可能会超过“原生疫情”,比如非理性的聚集,非理性的抢购、非理性的逃离,等等。 如何应对谣言,其实分两个层面。 第一个层面,政府如何应对谣言? 第二个层面,做为公民个人,我们如何应对谣言? " ["time"]=> int(1580811866) } [1]=> array(11) { ["contentid"]=> int(1362398) ["icon"]=> string(5) "blank" ["iconsrc"]=> string(0) "" ["title"]=> string(51) "金灿荣:有没有针对中国的特定阴谋?" ["color"]=> string(0) "" ["url"]=> string(46) "http://www.m4.cn/opinion/2020-02/1362398.shtml" ["subtitle"]=> string(0) "" ["suburl"]=> string(0) "" ["thumb"]=> string(27) "2020/0207/1581078233658.png" ["description"]=> string(192) "怎么避免被混乱信息引导,我觉得没什么好办法,只能有一个建议,尽量以官方和权威专家信息为主,(官方信息)已经发出来的还是比较谨慎。" ["time"]=> int(1581078251) } [2]=> array(11) { ["contentid"]=> int(1362645) ["icon"]=> string(5) "blank" ["iconsrc"]=> string(0) "" ["title"]=> string(49) "牛弹琴:武汉最糟糕的时候 要过去了" ["color"]=> string(0) "" ["url"]=> string(46) "http://www.m4.cn/opinion/2020-02/1362645.shtml" ["subtitle"]=> string(0) "" ["suburl"]=> string(0) "" ["thumb"]=> string(27) "2020/0214/1581683104150.jpg" ["description"]=> string(325) "武汉更是从不到2万,涨上了3.3万,一夜之间就增加了65%!互联网上一片惊呼:我的天!可怕吗?确实可怕,一下近1.5万患者,原来没被确认!这就是严峻形势。但如果了解情况,其实也不是坏事!毕竟,可怕的数据,比不真实的数据,更加可怕。" ["time"]=> int(1581683187) } [3]=> array(11) { ["contentid"]=> int(1362634) ["icon"]=> string(5) "blank" ["iconsrc"]=> string(0) "" ["title"]=> string(60) "辽宁王忠新:千人医疗队缘何从辽宁召之即来" ["color"]=> string(0) "" ["url"]=> string(46) "http://www.m4.cn/opinion/2020-02/1362634.shtml" ["subtitle"]=> string(0) "" ["suburl"]=> string(0) "" ["thumb"]=> string(27) "2020/0214/1581673289934.jpg" ["description"]=> string(315) "继已派出3支医疗队和1支疾控队,2月8日21时,500余名医护人员分乘4架包机,从大连周水子国际机场驰援武汉。2月9日12时,500余名医护人员分乘4架包机,从沈阳桃仙国际机场赶赴武汉。目送这医疗队的壮行,人们是否还要做点深层的思考?" ["time"]=> int(1581673020) } [4]=> array(11) { ["contentid"]=> int(1362646) ["icon"]=> string(5) "blank" ["iconsrc"]=> string(0) "" ["title"]=> string(61) "武汉大决战开始!中国2万名最精锐医护全压上" ["color"]=> string(0) "" ["url"]=> string(46) "http://www.m4.cn/opinion/2020-02/1362646.shtml" ["subtitle"]=> string(0) "" ["suburl"]=> string(0) "" ["thumb"]=> string(27) "2020/0214/1581684579674.jpg" ["description"]=> string(266) "尽管没有硝烟,但决战已经打响。 2月9日,41架包机将近6000名医护人员送到武汉天河机场,这是疫情发生以来,抵达武汉的医疗队人数最多的一天。 目前在武汉,来自全国的“白衣战士”已达近2万人。" ["time"]=> int(1581684586) } [5]=> array(11) { ["contentid"]=> int(1362635) ["icon"]=> string(5) "blank" ["iconsrc"]=> string(0) "" ["title"]=> string(58) "程小康:《华盛顿邮报》 情报世界没有朋友" ["color"]=> string(0) "" ["url"]=> string(46) "http://www.m4.cn/opinion/2020-02/1362635.shtml" ["subtitle"]=> string(0) "" ["suburl"]=> string(0) "" ["thumb"]=> string(27) "2020/0214/1581675631931.jpg" ["description"]=> string(294) "半个多世纪以来,一家名为Crypto AG的瑞士加密设备制造商为世界各国提供产品服务,没人知道它背后的股东是美国中央情报局和德国情报机构。借Crypto AG公司的设备监听世界各国,用美国人的话来说,这是一场大胆的行动。" ["time"]=> int(1581675650) } [6]=> array(11) { ["contentid"]=> int(1362628) ["icon"]=> string(5) "blank" ["iconsrc"]=> string(0) "" ["title"]=> string(54) "丁爸:美国生物武器,实用而及时的概况" ["color"]=> string(0) "" ["url"]=> string(38) "http://mil.m4.cn/2020-02/1362628.shtml" ["subtitle"]=> string(0) "" ["suburl"]=> string(0) "" ["thumb"]=> string(27) "2020/0214/1581653363419.jpg" ["description"]=> string(264) "军事报告承认,当时它在美国国会权限和法院管辖范围之外运营着约130个生物武器研究设施,其中数十所在美国的大学中以及其他许多国际场所中使用。很长一段时间以来,这种知识并不是什么秘密。" ["time"]=> int(1581653381) } [7]=> array(11) { ["contentid"]=> int(1362631) ["icon"]=> string(5) "blank" ["iconsrc"]=> string(0) "" ["title"]=> string(61) "超级学爸:美国这一丑闻 让世界瞠目盟友愤怒" ["color"]=> string(0) "" ["url"]=> string(46) "http://www.m4.cn/opinion/2020-02/1362631.shtml" ["subtitle"]=> string(0) "" ["suburl"]=> string(0) "" ["thumb"]=> string(27) "2020/0214/1581669981917.jpg" ["description"]=> string(327) "何美国举全国之力要封杀华为?为何美国能轻松对伊朗核设施发起震网攻击?为何美国颜色革命总能屡屡得手?为何各国亲华的领导总当不长?《华盛顿邮报》联合德国新闻电视台,用一通猛料,把美国中情局送上了热搜,各种蹊跷问题有了答案。" ["time"]=> int(1581669995) } [8]=> array(11) { ["contentid"]=> int(1362627) ["icon"]=> string(5) "blank" ["iconsrc"]=> string(0) "" ["title"]=> string(57) "鹿野:奥斯卡表明美国欲结成反华统一战线" ["color"]=> string(0) "" ["url"]=> string(46) "http://www.m4.cn/opinion/2020-02/1362627.shtml" ["subtitle"]=> string(0) "" ["suburl"]=> string(0) "" ["thumb"]=> string(27) "2020/0214/1581653018986.jpg" ["description"]=> string(275) "在新冠肺炎霸榜热搜的当下,这两天唯一一个勉强挤入热搜的事件大概就是美国第92届奥斯卡颁奖典礼了。值得注意的是,这届奥斯卡的风向发生了很大的变化,获奖者大多是对资本主义有所批判的进步影片。" ["time"]=> int(1581653031) } [9]=> array(11) { ["contentid"]=> int(1362626) ["icon"]=> string(5) "blank" ["iconsrc"]=> string(0) "" ["title"]=> string(60) "子稻:美媒唱衰,我们看到了民族复兴的希望" ["color"]=> string(0) "" ["url"]=> string(46) "http://www.m4.cn/opinion/2020-02/1362626.shtml" ["subtitle"]=> string(0) "" ["suburl"]=> string(0) "" ["thumb"]=> string(27) "2020/0214/1581652839357.jpg" ["description"]=> string(426) "在中国人民团结一心、举国共战新冠肺炎的攻坚期,美国媒体不出意外地又借此炒作抨击、抹黑中国。然而,从美国媒体的炒作中,我们不难看见:在疫情面前,人民子弟兵、医护战士、科研人员以及广大的普通群众紧密团结,很好地发扬了一不怕苦、二不怕死、艰苦奋斗、连续作战的优良作风,而这是我们独有的优势。" ["time"]=> int(1581652865) } [10]=> array(11) { ["contentid"]=> int(1362624) ["icon"]=> string(5) "blank" ["iconsrc"]=> string(0) "" ["title"]=> string(60) "骠骑参领:毛主席为什么号召"深挖洞 广积粮"" ["color"]=> string(0) "" ["url"]=> string(42) "http://history.m4.cn/2020-02/1362624.shtml" ["subtitle"]=> string(0) "" ["suburl"]=> string(0) "" ["thumb"]=> string(27) "2020/0214/1581651388496.jpg" ["description"]=> string(261) "上世纪六十年代末中苏关系全面恶化时,提出了著名的“深挖洞,广积粮,不称霸”的主张。就是为应对与苏联全面核战争而准备的。这个口号已经为那一代成长做起来的人心中打下了深刻的烙印。" ["time"]=> int(1581651391) } [11]=> array(11) { ["contentid"]=> int(1362622) ["icon"]=> string(5) "blank" ["iconsrc"]=> string(0) "" ["title"]=> string(57) "木易:台湾想趁火打劫混进世卫组织?没门" ["color"]=> string(0) "" ["url"]=> string(46) "http://www.m4.cn/opinion/2020-02/1362622.shtml" ["subtitle"]=> string(0) "" ["suburl"]=> string(0) "" ["thumb"]=> string(27) "2020/0214/1581649155615.jpg" ["description"]=> string(252) "正当中国举全国之力抗击新冠肺炎疫情的关键时刻,台湾当局也刚刚完成了一次大型“战役”,可惜不是集中力量于“战疫”,而是全力打了一场企图混进世界卫生组织(WHO)的国际公关战。" ["time"]=> int(1581649158) } [12]=> array(11) { ["contentid"]=> int(1362613) ["icon"]=> string(5) "blank" ["iconsrc"]=> string(0) "" ["title"]=> string(63) "任成琦:借疫情诋毁大陆?民进党先照照镜子!" ["color"]=> string(0) "" ["url"]=> string(46) "http://www.m4.cn/opinion/2020-02/1362613.shtml" ["subtitle"]=> string(0) "" ["suburl"]=> string(0) "" ["thumb"]=> string(27) "2020/0214/1581645109701.jpg" ["description"]=> string(339) "大陆发生新冠肺炎疫情以来,许多国家和地区纷纷出钱出物,大陆台商、台湾民众也慷慨解囊急人之难。但值此关键时刻,岛内某绿色媒体竟发文称,这场防疫战“把中国大陆治理模式的缺点都暴露出来了”,还论证出大陆对台湾民众的吸引力在下降云云。" ["time"]=> int(1581645111) } [13]=> array(11) { ["contentid"]=> int(1362623) ["icon"]=> string(5) "blank" ["iconsrc"]=> string(0) "" ["title"]=> string(51) "谢佳冠:郑和下西洋为何就停止了呢?" ["color"]=> string(0) "" ["url"]=> string(42) "http://history.m4.cn/2020-02/1362623.shtml" ["subtitle"]=> string(0) "" ["suburl"]=> string(0) "" ["thumb"]=> string(27) "2020/0214/1581649339363.jpg" ["description"]=> string(300) "历史学家、战略家都在努力追问一个问题,郑和下西洋为什么会停航了呢,试图以此为线索找到中国海上力量衰落的原因,进而寻找中国未来经略海洋的出路。笔者认为,历史虽然不会重演,但往往能从中找到谋划未来的思路。" ["time"]=> int(1581649345) } [14]=> array(11) { ["contentid"]=> int(1362608) ["icon"]=> string(5) "blank" ["iconsrc"]=> string(0) "" ["title"]=> string(51) "钱峰:面对疫情,印度的慌张可以理解" ["color"]=> string(0) "" ["url"]=> string(46) "http://www.m4.cn/opinion/2020-02/1362608.shtml" ["subtitle"]=> string(0) "" ["suburl"]=> string(0) "" ["thumb"]=> string(27) "2020/0214/1581641537879.jpg" ["description"]=> string(317) "从印度国家利益的角度换位思考,不应过多指责印度的做法。实事求是地说,这个拥有13亿人的发展中国家人口高度稠密,经济实力仅为中国1/5,可以覆盖国民的基本公共卫生医疗体系还在建设之中,也缺乏中国全民抗疫的组织与行动能力。" ["time"]=> int(1581641553) } [15]=> array(11) { ["contentid"]=> int(1362594) ["icon"]=> string(5) "blank" ["iconsrc"]=> string(0) "" ["title"]=> string(60) "耿直哥:美国真要援助中国一亿美元?露馅了" ["color"]=> string(0) "" ["url"]=> string(46) "http://www.m4.cn/opinion/2020-02/1362594.shtml" ["subtitle"]=> string(0) "" ["suburl"]=> string(0) "" ["thumb"]=> string(27) "2020/0213/1581592009912.jpg" ["description"]=> string(230) "近日,美国国务卿蓬佩奥宣布,美国政府将拨款1亿美元支持中国抗击新型冠状病毒疫情。可就在今天美国国务院的一次记者会上,发言人却不慎说出了这1亿美元拨款的真相。" ["time"]=> int(1581592024) } [16]=> array(11) { ["contentid"]=> int(1362580) ["icon"]=> string(5) "blank" ["iconsrc"]=> string(0) "" ["title"]=> string(62) "金灿荣:从忘年交到互怼"马特"组合经历了什么" ["color"]=> string(0) "" ["url"]=> string(38) "http://mil.m4.cn/2020-02/1362580.shtml" ["subtitle"]=> string(0) "" ["suburl"]=> string(0) "" ["thumb"]=> string(27) "2020/0213/1581560184796.png" ["description"]=> string(450) "马克龙曾是与特朗普最亲密的欧洲领导人,两人曾“相约”埃菲尔铁塔,品味精致法餐、俯瞰花都夜景。特朗普曾“罕见的”以国宴招待马克龙访美,法国也曾一度超越英德两国,成为美国在欧洲的首要联络方。两人还曾在媒体的见证下,一起中下了一颗象征着美法友谊的小树,可万万没想到,他俩今后的友谊就与这棵树的命运挂上了钩。" ["time"]=> int(1581560160) } [17]=> array(11) { ["contentid"]=> int(1362579) ["icon"]=> string(5) "blank" ["iconsrc"]=> string(0) "" ["title"]=> string(54) "郑永年:如何理解西方的新一波反华浪潮" ["color"]=> string(0) "" ["url"]=> string(46) "http://www.m4.cn/opinion/2020-02/1362579.shtml" ["subtitle"]=> string(0) "" ["suburl"]=> string(0) "" ["thumb"]=> string(27) "2020/0213/1581558704239.jpg" ["description"]=> string(384) "人类的历史就是一部不断与病毒作斗争的历史。每当一种新病毒出现,它不仅仅是一个社会、一个国家的敌人,而是所有社会、所有国家的敌人,需要国际社会的合作来共同应对。但是,正需要国际合作的时候,在美国和西方一些国家,针对中国或华人的种族话语和行为也在快速死灰复燃。" ["time"]=> int(1581558708) } [18]=> array(11) { ["contentid"]=> int(1362571) ["icon"]=> string(5) "blank" ["iconsrc"]=> string(0) "" ["title"]=> string(60) "胡懋仁:从来就没有抽象的普世概念与价值观" ["color"]=> string(0) "" ["url"]=> string(46) "http://www.m4.cn/opinion/2020-02/1362571.shtml" ["subtitle"]=> string(0) "" ["suburl"]=> string(0) "" ["thumb"]=> string(27) "2020/0212/1581514163895.jpg" ["description"]=> string(288) "信奉马克思主义的共产主义者,面对资本主义社会的现实矛盾,他们所提出的口号一开始就是要把受到最残酷剥削和压迫的工人阶级,从资本主义制度下解放出来。他们考虑的是最大多数工人阶级与广大劳动者的利益。" ["time"]=> int(1581514176) } [19]=> array(11) { ["contentid"]=> int(1362568) ["icon"]=> string(5) "blank" ["iconsrc"]=> string(0) "" ["title"]=> string(51) "钱学森:中医现代化是地道的尖端科学" ["color"]=> string(0) "" ["url"]=> string(46) "http://www.m4.cn/opinion/2020-02/1362568.shtml" ["subtitle"]=> string(0) "" ["suburl"]=> string(0) "" ["thumb"]=> string(27) "2020/0212/1581510433245.jpg" ["description"]=> string(258) "多年来,钱老生前对中医药界的启迪和鼓励一直激励着我们不断奋进。而今,我们也相信,学科正沿着正确的方向发展,加上政府的大力扶持,中医药事业也会像我国的航天事业一样,迅猛发展。" ["time"]=> int(1581510444) } [20]=> array(11) { ["contentid"]=> int(1362570) ["icon"]=> string(5) "blank" ["iconsrc"]=> string(0) "" ["title"]=> string(61) "郎言志:中国疫情 却暴露出西方人的病态心理" ["color"]=> string(0) "" ["url"]=> string(46) "http://www.m4.cn/opinion/2020-02/1362570.shtml" ["subtitle"]=> string(0) "" ["suburl"]=> string(0) "" ["thumb"]=> string(27) "2020/0212/1581513630650.jpg" ["description"]=> string(381) "在中国人民举国奋战新冠肺炎的攻坚时期,毫不意外地,西方媒体又蹦哒出来横三竖四地谩骂、攻击中国人民了。这一次,他们丢掉了“文明”这一块遮羞布,赤裸裸地攻击中国人民是“东亚病夫”。中国确实正在受疫情困扰,但我们却能治;西方媒体也病了,可这一次却是难治的心病。" ["time"]=> int(1581513633) } [21]=> array(11) { ["contentid"]=> int(1362567) ["icon"]=> string(5) "blank" ["iconsrc"]=> string(0) "" ["title"]=> string(59) "补壹刀:美国为何急着派"抗疫专家"到中国?" ["color"]=> string(0) "" ["url"]=> string(46) "http://www.m4.cn/opinion/2020-02/1362567.shtml" ["subtitle"]=> string(0) "" ["suburl"]=> string(0) "" ["thumb"]=> string(27) "2020/0212/1581509962320.jpg" ["description"]=> string(182) "世卫组织总干事谭德塞2月9日表示,由世界卫生组织领导的一支国际专家先遣队2月10日晚间应该能抵达北京,协助中国调研冠状病毒疫情。" ["time"]=> int(1581509966) } [22]=> array(11) { ["contentid"]=> int(1362559) ["icon"]=> string(5) "blank" ["iconsrc"]=> string(0) "" ["title"]=> string(60) "王云飞:战机绕台,困难多大都维护国家统一" ["color"]=> string(0) "" ["url"]=> string(38) "http://mil.m4.cn/2020-02/1362559.shtml" ["subtitle"]=> string(0) "" ["suburl"]=> string(0) "" ["thumb"]=> string(27) "2020/0212/1581500152687.jpg" ["description"]=> string(269) "解放军在2月9、10日两天,连续派出歼11、轰6K和空警500军机经巴士海峡、宫古海峡绕台飞行,虽然大陆军机绕台飞行过去已有多次,但连续两天绕台飞行在历史上还是第一次,这其中至少透露了三大讯息。" ["time"]=> int(1581500160) } [23]=> array(11) { ["contentid"]=> int(1362540) ["icon"]=> string(5) "blank" ["iconsrc"]=> string(0) "" ["title"]=> string(59) "陈辉:国际"五大瘟疫"持续、消失时间启示录" ["color"]=> string(0) "" ["url"]=> string(46) "http://www.m4.cn/opinion/2020-02/1362540.shtml" ["subtitle"]=> string(0) "" ["suburl"]=> string(0) "" ["thumb"]=> string(27) "2020/0211/1581424741276.jpg" ["description"]=> string(459) "第六次《国际关注的突发公共卫生事件》发生后,在党的领导下,全国人民一声令下,万众一心,形成了世界上任何国家对付瘟疫都不可能出现的人民战争,国力、财力、人力、民心不离不弃支援武汉,全国一盘棋清除瘟疫害人虫。因此,这次中国抗击瘟疫要有制度的自信,要发挥社会主义制度的优越性,坚信党的领导,就无坚不摧,无病不除。" ["time"]=> int(1581424758) } [24]=> array(11) { ["contentid"]=> int(1362543) ["icon"]=> string(5) "blank" ["iconsrc"]=> string(0) "" ["title"]=> string(59) "迈克尔·韦兰:中国工厂停顿,美国企业痛苦" ["color"]=> string(0) "" ["url"]=> string(39) "http://news.m4.cn/2020-02/1362543.shtml" ["subtitle"]=> string(0) "" ["suburl"]=> string(0) "" ["thumb"]=> string(27) "2020/0212/1581471935314.jpg" ["description"]=> string(239) "经济学家马克·威廉姆斯说:“工厂关闭或导致本季度中国经济急剧放缓。供应链分散的那些(外国)企业尤其易受冲击,因为单个零件的延迟交付就可能足以使所有生产停下来。”" ["time"]=> int(1581471946) } [25]=> array(11) { ["contentid"]=> int(1362533) ["icon"]=> string(5) "blank" ["iconsrc"]=> string(0) "" ["title"]=> string(59) "王忠新:"岂曰无衣"非无裳 共披"征袍"上战场" ["color"]=> string(0) "" ["url"]=> string(46) "http://www.m4.cn/opinion/2020-02/1362533.shtml" ["subtitle"]=> string(0) "" ["suburl"]=> string(0) "" ["thumb"]=> string(27) "2020/0211/1581416725300.jpg" ["description"]=> string(234) "“武汉防疫保卫战”打响后,全国大约有超过130多支医疗队逆风而上奔赴武汉。医疗队有句铿锵誓言:“国有战,召必回,战必胜”,已经成了一句感动中国,凝聚人心的壮语。" ["time"]=> int(1581416740) } [26]=> array(11) { ["contentid"]=> int(1362535) ["icon"]=> string(5) "blank" ["iconsrc"]=> string(0) "" ["title"]=> string(58) " 辽宁王忠新:无论何时都必须坚持群众路线" ["color"]=> string(0) "" ["url"]=> string(46) "http://www.m4.cn/opinion/2020-02/1362535.shtml" ["subtitle"]=> string(0) "" ["suburl"]=> string(0) "" ["thumb"]=> string(27) "2020/0211/1581419640538.jpg" ["description"]=> string(246) "通过武汉防疫付出的沉重代价,最需要汲取的一条教训,就是千万莫忘毛主席的教导:“群众是真正的英雄,而我们自己则往往是幼稚可笑的,不了解这一点,就不能得到起码的知识。”" ["time"]=> int(1581419698) } [27]=> array(11) { ["contentid"]=> int(1362569) ["icon"]=> string(5) "blank" ["iconsrc"]=> string(0) "" ["title"]=> string(54) "钮文新:美国需要抗击“无良心态疫情”" ["color"]=> string(0) "" ["url"]=> string(46) "http://www.m4.cn/opinion/2020-02/1362569.shtml" ["subtitle"]=> string(0) "" ["suburl"]=> string(0) "" ["thumb"]=> string(27) "2020/0212/1581510706859.jpg" ["description"]=> string(384) "放着自己如此严重的问题,却不断对中国指手画脚、挖苦讥讽,甚至大肆泼污,这事儿说轻点儿是“不够厚道”,说重点儿叫“幸灾乐祸”,更重点儿就是“太不人道”,唯恐天下不乱。但无论轻重,按中国人的传统观念,这都属于被中华文化所不齿“小人行径”,属于“无良心态泛滥”。" ["time"]=> int(1581510709) } [28]=> array(11) { ["contentid"]=> int(1362527) ["icon"]=> string(5) "blank" ["iconsrc"]=> string(0) "" ["title"]=> string(61) "李光满:尽快控制疫情 当前急需做的七件事!" ["color"]=> string(0) "" ["url"]=> string(46) "http://www.m4.cn/opinion/2020-02/1362527.shtml" ["subtitle"]=> string(0) "" ["suburl"]=> string(0) "" ["thumb"]=> string(27) "2020/0211/1581410645637.jpg" ["description"]=> string(372) "当前我们面对的是全国性的重大突发公共卫生事件一级响应,实际上是全国性的战时状态,在这种形势下,我们所需要的是从上到下、各地、各行、各业都进入战时状态,形成全国一盘棋,尽快控制疫情蔓延势头,尽快稳定人心,尽快稳定经济,争取早日打赢这场全国防疫阻击战。" ["time"]=> int(1581410657) } [29]=> array(11) { ["contentid"]=> int(1362526) ["icon"]=> string(5) "blank" ["iconsrc"]=> string(0) "" ["title"]=> string(52) "对比美国H1N1,中国这次疫情有些不对劲" ["color"]=> string(0) "" ["url"]=> string(46) "http://www.m4.cn/opinion/2020-02/1362526.shtml" ["subtitle"]=> string(0) "" ["suburl"]=> string(0) "" ["thumb"]=> string(27) "2020/0211/1581410175631.jpg" ["description"]=> string(389) "2009年H1N1流感爆发期间,我不记得全球各地存在仇美反美攻击。而当这次的新型冠状病毒传染了不到一百例西方人,你们开始启用“中国是真正的亚洲病夫”包藏祸心的言论攻击,全球范围内禁止中国人入境,甚至殴打海外华人,这种恶毒的、政治的、排外的种族主义攻击和抹黑中国需要停止。" ["time"]=> int(1581410193) } [30]=> array(11) { ["contentid"]=> int(1362499) ["icon"]=> string(5) "blank" ["iconsrc"]=> string(0) "" ["title"]=> string(51) "杨昭友:呼吁立法保护祖国中医医学!" ["color"]=> string(0) "" ["url"]=> string(46) "http://www.m4.cn/opinion/2020-02/1362499.shtml" ["subtitle"]=> string(0) "" ["suburl"]=> string(0) "" ["thumb"]=> string(27) "2020/0210/1581334308968.jpg" ["description"]=> string(264) "就在全国人民心急如焚之时,好消息从天而降!国家卫健委和中医药管理局迅速制定了治疗新冠肺炎的处方,用中西医结合治疗新冠病毒感染患者。祖国博大精深的中医排除阻力,冲上了抗疫第一线!" ["time"]=> int(1581334426) } [31]=> array(11) { ["contentid"]=> int(1362497) ["icon"]=> string(5) "blank" ["iconsrc"]=> string(0) "" ["title"]=> string(46) "何亚非:2020年全球治理的四大挑战" ["color"]=> string(0) "" ["url"]=> string(46) "http://www.m4.cn/opinion/2020-02/1362497.shtml" ["subtitle"]=> string(0) "" ["suburl"]=> string(0) "" ["thumb"]=> string(27) "2020/0210/1581328997766.jpg" ["description"]=> string(260) "如果说2008年金融危机代表世界经济秩序步入大调整元年,那么2020年将是世界力量平衡大转变的元年。各种力量博弈更加激烈、局势更加动荡、挑战更加严峻,全球治理体系将承受更为严峻的考验。" ["time"]=> int(1581329014) } [32]=> array(11) { ["contentid"]=> int(1362477) ["icon"]=> string(5) "blank" ["iconsrc"]=> string(0) "" ["title"]=> string(51) "牛弹琴:终于,武汉发起全面总攻了!" ["color"]=> string(0) "" ["url"]=> string(46) "http://www.m4.cn/opinion/2020-02/1362477.shtml" ["subtitle"]=> string(0) "" ["suburl"]=> string(0) "" ["thumb"]=> string(27) "2020/0210/1581302551107.jpg" ["description"]=> string(177) "这确实是一场总攻。现在,全国看湖北,湖北看武汉;来自全国各地的医疗队员,在武汉集结;各种措施增加床位,确保有足够战场。" ["time"]=> int(1581302643) } [33]=> array(11) { ["contentid"]=> int(1362459) ["icon"]=> string(5) "blank" ["iconsrc"]=> string(0) "" ["title"]=> string(56) "约瑟夫·奈:美国应理性看待中美相互依存" ["color"]=> string(0) "" ["url"]=> string(46) "http://www.m4.cn/opinion/2020-02/1362459.shtml" ["subtitle"]=> string(0) "" ["suburl"]=> string(0) "" ["thumb"]=> string(27) "2020/0209/1581247776877.jpg" ["description"]=> string(139) "美国哈佛大学教授约瑟夫·奈2月5日在英国《金融时报》网站发表文章称,美国应理性看待中美相互依存。" ["time"]=> int(1581247779) } [34]=> array(11) { ["contentid"]=> int(1362418) ["icon"]=> string(5) "blank" ["iconsrc"]=> string(0) "" ["title"]=> string(58) "金灿荣:解读中美贸易协定 中方让步大吗?" ["color"]=> string(0) "" ["url"]=> string(46) "http://www.m4.cn/opinion/2020-02/1362418.shtml" ["subtitle"]=> string(0) "" ["suburl"]=> string(0) "" ["thumb"]=> string(27) "2020/0208/1581150455350.jpg" ["description"]=> string(246) "每一个条款后面都有一句很奇怪的话:“美国现行措施给予与本条款规定内容同等的待遇”。这个话很别扭,但我的理解就是这样。美方承诺,所有中国做的承诺,美国也做同样的承诺。" ["time"]=> int(1581150470) } }

郭松民: 疫病围城,如何应对谣言?

1美国确诊突破30万!又曝光一个惊人发现....
2美国纽约市向所有居民发放免费三餐
3农业农村部:中国粮食这么多,为什么还要进
4捷克分子生物学家强调:新冠病毒就是源自美
5美国网友怒了:这些人双手沾满鲜血,应该起
6鹿野:细思恐极,新冠最初只针对黄种人?
7黄智贤:两岸关系回不去了 已经形同水火
8一个喷嚏8米远:世卫组织称考虑据此修改口
9对话全球疫情:钟南山、李兰娟最担心这些事
10王云飞:美被免舰长既是"斗士"又是遏华先锋
11清江游:美国2020年崩溃的预言准吗?
12"永远的外国人" 疫情带来的种族仇恨刺痛亚
13胡锡进:抗疫最差的美国却捧红了"表演天才"
14转播中国哀悼活动时言论不当 法记者被停职
1515年前因"太不现实"被拒的小说《封锁》 如
16美学者顶级期刊批评美国:联邦错失抗疫时机
17这两幅地图 展示了美国将面临的糟糕境况
18新冠病毒浓度比SARS高1000倍!美疾控中心终
19林爱玥:长见识,公知将爱国者都打成了"极
20台14名高官记者会上仅1人戴口罩 网友:又鬼
1纽约男子囤数十万N95倒卖 FBI没收后将其发
2李光满:中国绝不能再救“中山狼”!
3金灿荣:新冠疫情在西方蔓延 凸显了他们三
4哟,“港独”头目罗冠聪从美国“逃”回来了
5特朗普在疫情发布会上正夸美国呢,CNN切断
6美国民众对中国抗疫和特朗普抗疫的真实想法
7美国确诊突破30万!又曝光一个惊人发现....
8法国人说完口罩被抢走,美国果然不干了!
9习近平:收放自如 这是国家治理水平的表现
10美国学者:新冠病毒可能重塑全球秩序
11"罗斯福"舰员送别被革职舰长的场面让人害怕
12梅新育:忍无可忍,发了脾气
13美国这两个数据一对比,细思恐极!
14郝柏村、王文燮去世 国台办:斯人虽逝,风
15美学者警告:特朗普与中国决裂有致命后果
16美国纽约市向所有居民发放免费三餐
17哈佛教授史蒂芬•沃尔特:美国能力之死
18世卫组织代表回应外媒对中国指责
19司马南:过去你们一直优待老外,今天怎么啦
20金灿荣谈美撤军阿富汗:战略重心将转向哪?
1美国,必须交出5个在武汉军运会后专机接回
2美国人追查到疑似新冠肺炎零号病例,军运会
3美媒:意大利的医院要扛不住了……
4武汉零号病人终于找到了!果然是参加军运会
5现在,荷兰人抢购的竟然是……大麻
6巴基斯坦18岁少年翻进动物园被狮子吃掉
7钟南山院士一语说破了美国的真相
8李毅:世界格局突然巨变
9中国出手了!刚刚,外交部发最新声明
10金灿荣谈台湾:现在是祖国统一的好时机吗?
11约翰·加尔通惊世预言——美帝国将在2020年
12李毅:世界格局突然巨变……
13重大发现!我国渤海发现大型油田
14驻美大使崔天凯接受美媒采访,回应实录
15查尔斯王子确诊 英国民众被官方通报的这句
16原油价格暴跌对美国经济到底什么影响?
17司马南:看美国人下棋
18金灿荣:新冠疫情,让某些"社会中的病毒"暴
19彭佩奥G7批中国散布假消息 媒体指六国反对
20政委灿荣:今天,政委在youtube遇到一件怪