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为何俄罗斯依然是一个强大的国家?

2020-01-11 20:21 作者:翻译熊 我要评论(0)

核心提示:西方繁荣的黄金时代已经结束,他们现在能做的就是利用乌克兰和罗马尼亚这样的穷国来解决他们自己的问题。

为何俄国依然是一个强国?

Why is Russia still a powerful country? 

译文简介:西方繁荣的黄金时代已经结束,他们现在能做的就是利用乌克兰和罗马尼亚这样的穷国来解决他们自己的问题。

译文来源:https://www.quora.com/Why-is-Russia-still-a-powerful-country

原创翻译:龙腾网

翻译:翻译熊Why is Russia still a powerful country?

为何俄国依然是一个强国?

Kuntal Sarma, Loves History & Geopolitics

Answered Apr 29, 2017

Russia is a superpower because it behaves like one and many countries depends on it either as a protector or for energy sources.Latvia, Slovakia, Finland & Estonia are 100% dependent on Russian oil. 80% oil and gas of The Czech Republic, Bulgaria, Lithuania comes from Russia and 60% of Greece, Austria and Hungary. All these oil & gas passes through pipelines which are laid from east to the west Europe. Half of Europe rely on Russia to keep their houses warm and vehicles moving.Militarily it is the second most advanced country in the world in terms of army & air-force. Only disadvantage it had was that, Russia did not have any all-weather warm water port. Now after annexation of Crimea, Russia has one, in the the form of Port of Sevastopol, Crimea.Russia is the world’s biggest nuclear power, ahead of the US. Countries such as Syria, Iran, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Belarus, Armenia looks towards Russia for their protection. China is the world''''s second largest economy but apart from North Korea no country depends on China for their safety. Infact China relies on the China-Russia relationship to defy US.Russia has a huge reserve of oil/natural gas and minerals in its Siberian region, which is its insurance against any world-wide financial turmoil and also a confirms that its economy is largely self sufficient and doesn''''t depend on any external factors.Vladimir Putin is an alpha male and a prime example of strong man politics. Having a leader with such a strong persona, adds on to the strength of the nation.Finally, historically Russia was the superpower that the Europe and US feared of throughout the 20th century. This continues even to today. The foreign policies of US is largely influenced by its fear of Russia. 

Kuntal Sarma, 热爱历史和地缘政治

俄罗斯是一个超级大国,因为它的行为举止就像一个超级大国,而许多国家要么依靠它来保护自己,要么依靠它来获取能源。

1.拉脱维亚、斯洛伐克、芬兰和爱沙尼亚100%依赖俄罗斯的石油。捷克共和国、保加利亚、立陶宛的石油和天然气80%来自俄罗斯,希腊、奥地利和匈牙利的石油和天然气60%来自俄罗斯。

2. 它是世界上陆军和空军第二发达的国家。唯一的缺点是,俄罗斯没有任何全天候的暖水港。在吞并克里米亚之后,俄罗斯有了一个克里米亚塞瓦斯托波尔港。

3. 俄罗斯是世界上最大的核大国,领先于美国。叙利亚、伊朗、哈萨克斯坦、吉尔吉斯斯坦、塔吉克斯坦、白俄罗斯、亚美尼亚等国向俄罗斯寻求保护。中国是世界第二大经济体,但除了朝鲜,没有哪个国家的安全依赖中国。事实上,中国依赖中俄关系来对抗美国。

Alex Ladov

upxed Jul 4, 2018

Mostly because of Mr. Putin. Russia had a chance to become as poor and deindustrialized as Ukraine, but this simple Russian man managed to change the course predicted by American friends and made Russia Great Again:

He also restored the old Soviet anthem. With just a change in lyrics, it became even better, though the music is still same and it guarantees that Russia will be powerful forever. Just listen and compare it with the American anthem. Warning! If you listen to it 10 times you may become a Russian spy:

主要是因为普京。

俄罗斯本来有机会变得像乌克兰一样贫穷和去工业化的,但这个俄罗斯人设法改变了美国朋友预测的进程,让俄罗斯再次变得伟大:(视频略)

他还恢复了旧的苏联国歌。歌词上的改变使它变得更好,尽管音乐仍然是一样的,它保证了俄罗斯将永远强大。听一听,把它和美国国歌比较一下。

警告!如果你听了10遍,你可能会成为一名俄罗斯间谍:(视频略)

Valentin Angelo Iseli

Apr 30, 2017 · 52 upvotes

I think Putin did help to grow the country in the 90ies( or maybe even until the Crimea Crisis), but then he pivoted to nationalism and interventionism, probably to distract from internal problems like absence of growth (maybe I do have the timing wrong with this point, due to falling oil prices, because the economy is not diversified enough), lack of representation of many groups and the demand for a better democracy (their perceived corruption index 2016 rated by Transparency international is lower than Honduras, Mexico, Malawi, Liberia, Mali and Ethiopia! Which means their people see it as more corrupt by indicators such as how many bribes they had to pay by year than the mentionned countries).

Russia as it is today probably won’t survive without him and the Russian people, especially the educated ones with dissident opinions, do suffer under him and his system. So I would not praise him for how he acts now. Similar to Erdogan, he did some good things in the beginning and became a huge problem later.

Now honestly, I think Russia is weakened and the interventions are mostly defensive of their sphere of influence (like Iran and Ukraine), which steadily receded, because the Russian system does not offer solutions to problems such as corruption and an undiversified economy.

They are still important, because they have nuclear warheads, oil production and a functioning army.

In the 90ies (before Crimea) I would have said Russia is still important, partially because of Putin, now I think Russia is still important partially despite of Putin.

我认为普京在90年代(甚至直到克里米亚危机)对俄罗斯的成长是有助益的(注:原文如此,但根据科普信息,普京是在叶利钦1999年12月31日突然辞职后担任的代总统)。

但随后他转向了民族主义和干涉主义,这可能是为了转移人们对国内问题的注意力,比如经济增长的匮乏(也许我在这一点上选错了,也可能是因为油价下跌,因为经济不够多样化)、许多团体缺乏代表性,要求更好的民主(透明国际2016年腐败指数,俄罗斯排名低于洪都拉斯、墨西哥、马拉维、利比里亚、马里和埃塞俄比亚。这意味着他们的人民认为它比提到的以上国家更腐败,比如他们每年要支付多少多少贿赂)。

如果没有普京,今天的俄罗斯可能无法生存。但俄罗斯人民,尤其是那些受过教育、持不同意见的人,在他和他的体制下受苦受难,所以我不会因为他现在的行为而赞美他。和埃尔多安一样,他一开始做了一些好事,后来却成了一个大问题。

老实说,我认为俄罗斯被削弱了,干预主要是为了保护其势力范围(如伊朗和乌克兰),而这些势力范围正在稳步缩小,因为俄罗斯的体制没有为腐败和单一经济等问题提供解决方案。

俄罗斯仍然很重要,因为它们拥有核弹头、石油产量和一支正常运作的军队。

在90年代(克里米亚之前),我会说俄罗斯仍然重要,部分是因为普京;现在我认为俄罗斯仍然重要,尽管有普京。

Alex Ladov

Original Author · Apr 30, 2017 · 32 upvotes

No, you got timing wrong. Russian economy was growing very fast till Ukrainian coup in 2014, after that he was forced to reunite Crimea (otherwise it would be American military base by now), then Americans (with help of their Saudi democratic friends) dropped oil and gas prices, Russian economy had an unexpectedly small recession after that as Russia is the biggest exporter of oil and gas, so it became necessary to restructure economy and make it more independent.

不,你选错时间了,俄罗斯经济增长非常迅速,直到2014年乌克兰政变。

他被迫重新统一克里米亚(否则现在它将成为美国的军事基地),然后美国人(在他们的沙特“民主”朋友的帮助下)降低了石油和天然气价格。

由于俄罗斯是世界上最大的石油和天然气出口国,因此有必要调整经济结构,使其更加独立。

Valentin Angelo Iseli

May 4, 2017 · 1 upvote

I think you have some good points. Thank you, I’ll have to think about it.

我认为你有些地方说得很好。

谢谢,我得考虑一下。

Ana Flora

May 5, 2017 · 9 upvotes

Every autocrat counts on a strong Propaganda and fanaticism. I’m sure Putin has done excellent things for Russia, for he is a nationalist (although also a totalitarian). However, to me, with my Western outlook (derived from the Greek democracy that permeated our Western culture), I cannot accept and find any good in a country with no freedom. I do understand the Russians though, for they have an eternal tradition (and history) of bowing for autocrats.

每个统治者都依赖强有力的宣传和狂热。

我相信普京为俄罗斯做了很多好事,因为他是一个民族主义者(尽管也是一个极权主义者)。

然而,对我来说,以我的西方观点(源自于渗透进我们西方文化的希腊民主),我无法接受,也无法在一个没有自由的国家找到任何好处。不过,我确实理解俄罗斯人,因为他们有向统治者鞠躬的永恒传统(和历史)。

Alex Ladov

Original Author · May 7, 2017 · 12 upvotes

We would gladly stop spending money on missiles if US removes all their military bases around Russia

That may be true but this is not a reason to lose what we already have. Californians are poor comparing to Swiss but they are also not in a rush to give up everything they have and mimic Swiss political system and economy.

Besides, we have not just lower incomes but lower prices too, so life is not that bad, especially after referendum and reunification of Crimea with its California-like sunny climate :)

(其回复者的留言已被删除)

如果美国撤除他们在俄罗斯周围的所有军事基地,我们会很乐意停止在导弹上花钱。

“加州没有石油或天然气,但经济产出比俄罗斯大。”

这也许是对的,但这并不是失去我们已经拥有的东西的理由。与瑞士人相比,加州人很穷,但他们也不急于放弃他们所拥有的一切,去模仿瑞士的政治制度和经济。

此外,我们不仅收入更低,物价也更低,所以生活并没有那么糟糕,尤其是克里米亚公投和再次统一之后,那里的明媚气候就跟加州一样。/笑

Christer ML Bendixen

May 10, 2017 · 2 upvotes

“We would gladly stop spending money on missiles if US removes all their military bases around Russia”

– I can believe that’s the attitude of the Russian people, but how do we know that Putin and the gang won’t seize the opportunity to engage in more foreign interventions?

“如果美国撤除他们在俄罗斯周围的所有军事基地,我们会很乐意停止在导弹上花钱。”

我相信这是俄罗斯人民的态度,但是我们怎么知道普京和他的团队不会抓住机会进行更多的外国干预呢?

Jet Genova

May 3, 2017 · 19 upvotes

Hahaha. Do you even know what your “American friends” were recommending? If Russia had done these things, it could have a real democracy, and diversified strong economy with multiple global companies like South Korea, Japan, or any Western European country by now who are rich without pumping oil. Did Putin liberate markets and fight corruption to spur business growth? No, he awarded all the industrial wealth of the country to a few individuals in his inner circle, to cement himself in the power seat. Russian economic growth exactly repeats the oil price growth. That''''s it. Big achievement.. in the meantime the well educated Russian population is underutilized and your brightest people run away overseas and use their talent to help build companies like Google and Apple.

哈哈哈哈哈,你是否知道你的“美国朋友”之前(给俄罗斯)推荐了什么吗?

如果俄罗斯做了这些事情,它可能会是一个真正的民主国家,一个多元化的强大经济体,拥有韩国、日本等那样的多个全球公司,或者像任何一个西欧国家,这些国家现在富裕了,不用开采石油。

普京解放了市场,打击了腐败,刺激了经济增长吗?不,他把这个国家所有的工业财富都给了他小圈子里的几个人,以巩固自己在权力宝座上的地位。

俄罗斯的经济增长不过是油价的增长导致的,仅此而已,多大成就啊。

与此同时,受过良好教育的俄罗斯人没有得到充分利用,你们最聪明的人逃到海外,用他们的才能帮助建立像谷歌和苹果这样的公司。

Alex Ladov

Original Author · May 4, 2017 · 9 upvotes

>If Russia had done these things, it could have a real democracy, and diversified strong economy

Like in Ukraine or Romania or Bulgaria? LOL.

I agree that US did something good for South Korea, Japan and Western Europe LONG TIME AGO. At that time America was really great, not anymore, now all real economy and real money is in China and Asia, and US is just trying to survive by leveraging their military power and huge borrowing. As for Russia, we already saw how their “help” works after Perestroika, we are lucky that Russia survived at all and was not converted into permanent war zone like Ukraine. By the way, their goal in Ukraine is total de-industrialization and reducing its population, US know that 80% of people in this semi-country speak Russian and will always treat it like enemy.

“如果俄罗斯做了这些事情,它可能会是一个真正的民主国家,一个多元化的强大经济体……”

或者最终会像乌克兰、罗马尼亚或保加利亚。哈哈哈哈

Alex Ladov

Original Author · May 4, 2017 · 7 upvotes

It is not just about corruption (which Russia fights quite well without western help). It is also about possibility to borrow. Average American has $200,000 debt. Most Western countries are in debt too albeit less than USA. Poland also borrowed and received lots of money from EU to improve their quality of life…. and still I doubt that average quality of life in Russia is worse considering lover prices for energy and gas.

Yes, Russia has oil. That was the reason why it was difficult to develop production of goods, it made sense just to drill and pump and buy everything else cheaper than local production. Now prices are lower but economy was not ruined at all, it was restructured and this year Russian economy is slowly growing again, unemployment is pretty low etc. Al in all, Russia is doing quite well even with lower oil prices.

这不仅仅是腐败问题(俄罗斯在没有西方帮助的情况下也能很好地打击腐败)。这还涉及到借款的可能性——(美国国债导致)美国人平均负债20万美元。大多数西方国家也有债务,尽管比美国少。波兰也从欧盟借了很多钱来改善他们的生活质量。考虑到能源和天然气的低廉价格,我仍然怀疑俄罗斯的平均生活质量是否更差。

是,俄罗斯有石油。这就是为什么很难发展商品生产,因为只有钻探、泵和购买一切比当地生产更便宜的东西才有意义。现在物价下降了,但经济并没有被摧毁,而是进行了重组,今年俄罗斯经济再次缓慢增长,失业率也很低。总的来说,即使油价下跌,俄罗斯也会运转得很好。

As for illusions about improving life in Ukraine by joining West… forget about it, Poland was the last country US used as an example to demonstrate advantage of Western block. They had money to help Poland 20 years ago. They don’t have money now to help others. They even have not enough money to sustain their current standard of life, West is slowly getting poorer and China is getting richer. Ukraine will be simply used to 1) hurt Russians in both Russia and Ukraine 2) to resolve demographic problems in EU, so all active young people will immigrate and never return (even Poland is suffering from that and hopes to replace immigrated workers with Ukrainian labor).

The Golden Age of Western prosperity is over. All they can do now is to exploit poor countries like Ukraine and Romania to resolve their own problems.

至于通过加入西方来改善乌克兰生活的幻想……算了吧,波兰是最后一个被美国用来展示西方阵营优势的国家了。20年前,他们有钱帮助波兰。但他们现在没钱去帮助别人了。他们甚至没有足够的钱来维持目前的生活水平,西方正慢慢变穷,而中国正变得越来越富有。

乌克兰未来能派上用场的地方:1. 伤害俄罗斯和乌克兰的俄罗斯人;2. 为了解决欧盟的人口问题,所有活跃的(乌克兰)年轻人都会移民,而且永远不会再回来(即使是波兰也在遭受移民之苦,希望用乌克兰劳工取代移民工人)。

西方繁荣的黄金时代已经结束,他们现在能做的就是利用乌克兰和罗马尼亚这样的穷国来解决他们自己的问题。

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["color"]=> string(0) "" ["url"]=> string(46) "http://www.m4.cn/opinion/2020-01/1361569.shtml" ["subtitle"]=> string(0) "" ["suburl"]=> string(0) "" ["thumb"]=> string(27) "2020/0110/1578661964248.jpg" ["description"]=> string(288) "美国用卑鄙的手段谋杀了伊朗储君苏莱曼尼,全世界为之震惊,舆论一片哗然,就连霉离间的人民也对此以游行示威发起抗议。然而,中国的公知却一个个欢呼雀跃,与特朗普的口径高度一致,把恐怖谋杀美化为反恐。" ["time"]=> int(1578661984) } [7]=> array(11) { ["contentid"]=> int(1361565) ["icon"]=> string(5) "blank" ["iconsrc"]=> string(0) "" ["title"]=> string(58) "金灿荣:暗杀苏莱曼尼 开了极其危险的先河" ["color"]=> string(0) "" ["url"]=> string(46) "http://www.m4.cn/opinion/2020-01/1361565.shtml" ["subtitle"]=> string(0) "" ["suburl"]=> string(0) "" ["thumb"]=> string(27) "2020/0110/1578654810419.jpg" ["description"]=> string(225) "美国暗杀苏莱曼尼从国际法角度来讲,这个事情开了一个很不好的先例。你对一个没有宣战的国家,它的一个重要的领导人采取暗杀行动,这个是肯定是不符合国际法的。" ["time"]=> int(1578655441) } [8]=> array(11) { ["contentid"]=> int(1361537) ["icon"]=> string(5) "blank" ["iconsrc"]=> string(0) "" ["title"]=> string(61) "李光满:特朗普认怂“没伤亡 不会动用军队”" ["color"]=> string(0) "" ["url"]=> string(46) "http://www.m4.cn/opinion/2020-01/1361537.shtml" ["subtitle"]=> string(0) "" ["suburl"]=> string(0) "" ["thumb"]=> string(27) "2020/0109/1578579759912.jpg" ["description"]=> string(385) "北京时间1月9日零点30分,美国总统特朗普就伊朗局势发表全国讲话。从特朗普对全美发表的讲话可以看出,特朗普所代表的美国就是一只纸老虎,当你软弱的时候,他就是一只会咬人的真老虎,野蛮、邪恶、凶残,而当你强硬的时候,他就是一只色厉内荏的纸老虎,懦弱、胆怯、毫无血性。" ["time"]=> int(1578579858) } [9]=> array(11) { ["contentid"]=> int(1361564) ["icon"]=> string(5) "blank" ["iconsrc"]=> string(0) "" ["title"]=> string(51) "付欣宇:纪念《湘江评论》发表100周年" ["color"]=> string(0) "" ["url"]=> string(42) "http://history.m4.cn/2020-01/1361564.shtml" ["subtitle"]=> string(0) "" ["suburl"]=> string(0) "" ["thumb"]=> string(27) "2020/0110/1578652627438.jpg" ["description"]=> string(205) "天下者我们的天下,国家者我们的国家,社会者我们的社会,我们不说谁说?我们不干谁干?——这是毛主席在1919年创办的《湘江评论》中豪气干云的话。" ["time"]=> int(1578652707) } [10]=> array(11) { ["contentid"]=> int(1361535) ["icon"]=> string(5) "blank" ["iconsrc"]=> string(0) "" ["title"]=> string(60) "黄卫东:英美精英的凶残与宽容及其内在根源" ["color"]=> string(0) "" ["url"]=> string(46) "http://www.m4.cn/opinion/2020-01/1361535.shtml" ["subtitle"]=> string(0) "" ["suburl"]=> string(0) "" ["thumb"]=> string(27) "2020/0109/1578578274136.jpg" ["description"]=> string(396) "英美精英对美国黑人先后实行奴隶主和种族隔离制度,在美国建国后的240余年历史中,长达188年,此后实际上仍然歧视美国黑人;更凶残的是种族灭绝了无数印第安人民族,彻底消灭了土地的主人;在南北内战期间,对美国南方白人一样实施三光政策,但却宽容发动内战的南方精英,基本没有处罚。" ["time"]=> int(1578578282) } [11]=> array(11) { ["contentid"]=> int(1361534) ["icon"]=> string(5) "blank" ["iconsrc"]=> string(0) "" ["title"]=> string(61) "肖志夫:中美关系曲折艰难 彰显美国外交荒唐" ["color"]=> string(0) "" ["url"]=> string(46) "http://www.m4.cn/opinion/2020-01/1361534.shtml" ["subtitle"]=> string(0) "" ["suburl"]=> string(0) "" ["thumb"]=> string(27) "2020/0109/1578578097945.jpg" ["description"]=> string(249) "特朗普几乎完美地传承了美国白人祖先的一切臭毛病,六亲不认,唯利是图,为了美国利益,可以不择手段掠夺世界,反正美国只能占便宜,不能吃亏,其行径甚至野蛮到厚颜无耻的程度。" ["time"]=> int(1578578122) } [12]=> array(11) { ["contentid"]=> int(1361514) ["icon"]=> string(5) "blank" ["iconsrc"]=> string(0) "" ["title"]=> string(63) "补壹刀:特朗普回应!"三次世界大战"和平收尾了" ["color"]=> string(0) "" ["url"]=> string(46) "http://www.m4.cn/opinion/2020-01/1361514.shtml" ["subtitle"]=> string(0) "" ["suburl"]=> string(0) "" ["thumb"]=> string(27) "2020/0109/1578540094597.jpg" ["description"]=> string(150) "北京时间9日凌晨,特朗普针对伊朗的讲话姗姗来迟,又开门见山。全程仅10分钟的短暂讲话,却传达出诸多讯息。" ["time"]=> int(1578540102) } [13]=> array(11) { ["contentid"]=> int(1361533) ["icon"]=> string(5) "blank" ["iconsrc"]=> string(0) "" ["title"]=> string(61) "加拿大共产党:拒绝镇压!声援智利人民的斗争" ["color"]=> string(0) "" ["url"]=> string(46) "http://www.m4.cn/opinion/2020-01/1361533.shtml" ["subtitle"]=> string(0) "" ["suburl"]=> string(0) "" ["thumb"]=> string(27) "2020/0109/1578577938118.jpg" ["description"]=> string(186) "加拿大共产党对智利共产党的同志们、对制宪会议运动、对为结束遗留的法西斯主义和为劳动人民美好未来进行积极的斗争表示充分地声援。" ["time"]=> int(1578577946) } [14]=> array(11) { ["contentid"]=> int(1361516) ["icon"]=> string(5) "blank" ["iconsrc"]=> string(0) "" ["title"]=> string(54) "王文:美伊战争即将打响?恐怕不是那样" ["color"]=> string(0) "" ["url"]=> string(46) "http://www.m4.cn/opinion/2020-01/1361516.shtml" ["subtitle"]=> string(0) "" ["suburl"]=> string(0) "" ["thumb"]=> string(0) "" ["description"]=> string(249) "随着伊朗军方高官苏莱马尼被美国袭击身亡事件影响的不断深化,美国伊朗将爆发战争的预测再次流行。许多人不了解伊朗,更无法理解伊朗为何敢与世界唯一超级大国美国对抗那么多年?" ["time"]=> int(1578541110) } [15]=> array(11) { ["contentid"]=> int(1361505) ["icon"]=> string(5) "blank" ["iconsrc"]=> string(0) "" ["title"]=> string(60) "冯寂然:从情系群众信访看周恩来的初心使命" ["color"]=> string(0) "" ["url"]=> string(42) "http://history.m4.cn/2020-01/1361505.shtml" ["subtitle"]=> string(0) "" ["suburl"]=> string(0) "" ["thumb"]=> string(27) "2020/0108/1578489254155.jpg" ["description"]=> string(207) "周恩来总理在日理万机之余,一以贯之地关心、重视人民来信来访工作,视其为党和政府联系人民群众的桥梁,为信访工作的建设呕心沥血,作出巨大贡献。" ["time"]=> int(1578489273) } [16]=> array(11) { ["contentid"]=> int(1361506) ["icon"]=> string(5) "blank" ["iconsrc"]=> string(0) "" ["title"]=> string(60) "前驻伊朗大使华黎明:不能排除美伊全面开战" ["color"]=> string(0) "" ["url"]=> string(46) "http://www.m4.cn/opinion/2020-01/1361506.shtml" ["subtitle"]=> string(0) "" ["suburl"]=> string(0) "" ["thumb"]=> string(27) "2020/0108/1578490938667.jpg" ["description"]=> string(291) "中国国际问题研究院特邀研究员、驻伊朗前大使华黎明表示,美伊冲突愈演愈烈,这是对美伊双方领导人智慧的考验,使局势保持在可控范围内对双方都有利,目前不能排除双方爆发大规模军事冲突甚至全面战争的可能。" ["time"]=> int(1578490947) } [17]=> array(11) { ["contentid"]=> int(1361418) ["icon"]=> string(5) "blank" ["iconsrc"]=> string(0) "" ["title"]=> string(60) "金灿荣:有好多国家利用一个中国政策赚便宜" ["color"]=> string(0) "" ["url"]=> string(46) "http://www.m4.cn/opinion/2020-01/1361418.shtml" ["subtitle"]=> string(0) "" ["suburl"]=> string(0) "" ["thumb"]=> string(27) "2020/0106/1578281845565.jpg" ["description"]=> string(192) "我们国家有一群研究台湾问题的专家是非常优秀的。我主要还是研究中美关系的,所以我是把台湾问题放到中美关系这个框架里面来谈一点看法。" ["time"]=> int(1578281850) } [18]=> array(11) { ["contentid"]=> int(1361499) ["icon"]=> string(5) "blank" ["iconsrc"]=> string(0) "" ["title"]=> string(45) "刘祚昌:林肯解放黑奴的历史真相" ["color"]=> string(0) "" ["url"]=> string(42) "http://history.m4.cn/2020-01/1361499.shtml" ["subtitle"]=> string(0) "" ["suburl"]=> string(0) "" ["thumb"]=> string(27) "2020/0108/1578483395405.jpg" ["description"]=> string(351) ":“解放宣言”虽然是北方资产阶级政府所颁布的,但它只不过是一纸空文,它之变为实际,是黑人自己用流血牺牲争取到的。由此可见,美国黑人之能够从奴隶制度的压迫下解放出来,并不是出于什么资产阶级的“恩赐”,而是通过黑人自己的艰苦斗争而实现的。" ["time"]=> int(1578483360) } [19]=> array(11) { ["contentid"]=> int(1361396) ["icon"]=> string(5) "blank" ["iconsrc"]=> string(0) "" ["title"]=> string(36) "李毅:评台湾《反渗透法》" ["color"]=> string(0) "" ["url"]=> string(46) "http://www.m4.cn/opinion/2020-01/1361396.shtml" ["subtitle"]=> string(0) "" ["suburl"]=> string(0) "" ["thumb"]=> string(27) "2020/0105/1578220923755.jpg" ["description"]=> string(213) "统一与台独之争,是你死我活、有你无我、有我无你的。根据台湾现行的中国宪法、中国法律体系,台湾省是中国的一个省,台独是分裂国家,是违法犯罪行为。" ["time"]=> int(1578220938) } [20]=> array(11) { ["contentid"]=> int(1361503) ["icon"]=> string(5) "blank" ["iconsrc"]=> string(0) "" ["title"]=> string(59) "林爱玥:竟然有公知为美国的"斩首行动"叫好" ["color"]=> string(0) "" ["url"]=> string(46) "http://www.m4.cn/opinion/2020-01/1361503.shtml" ["subtitle"]=> string(0) "" ["suburl"]=> string(0) "" ["thumb"]=> string(27) "2020/0108/1578488702804.jpg" ["description"]=> string(276) "公知对毛主席是什么态度那是有目共睹的,然而,这些自称信仰所谓“普世价值”的人对大慈大悲的毛主席竭尽抹黑诋毁之能事,却对特朗普之类的战争狂人顶礼膜拜,公知是些什么货色,还不够一目了然吗?" ["time"]=> int(1578488729) } [21]=> array(11) { ["contentid"]=> int(1361501) ["icon"]=> string(5) "blank" ["iconsrc"]=> string(0) "" ["title"]=> string(60) "弱国无外交!细数美国当年那些无耻战争借口" ["color"]=> string(0) "" ["url"]=> string(46) "http://www.m4.cn/opinion/2020-01/1361501.shtml" ["subtitle"]=> string(0) "" ["suburl"]=> string(0) "" ["thumb"]=> string(27) "2020/0108/1578485161447.jpg" ["description"]=> string(387) "美国,一个只有200多年历史的国家,从欧洲列强远渡重洋建立起殖民地开始,迅速发展成为一个称霸世界的超级大国。从那时起,权利和财富便是美国争夺的目标。它似一匹贪婪的财狼,不断从它人口中夺食,用暴力、战争、枪炮去征服、掠夺、侵占别人的国家,不断建立起今天的霸主地位。" ["time"]=> int(1578485160) } [22]=> array(11) { ["contentid"]=> int(1361502) ["icon"]=> string(5) "blank" ["iconsrc"]=> string(0) "" ["title"]=> string(60) "朱新开:美国已清除六国元首,又在瞄向谁?" ["color"]=> string(0) "" ["url"]=> string(46) "http://www.m4.cn/opinion/2020-01/1361502.shtml" ["subtitle"]=> string(0) "" ["suburl"]=> string(0) "" ["thumb"]=> string(27) "2020/0108/1578486972349.jpg" ["description"]=> string(315) "除与中国交手的朝鲜战争、越南战争,以及未有结局的叙利亚战争,美国可谓是屡屡得手,乃至直接清除了对方的国家元首,包括在2001年发动阿富汗战争推翻塔利班政权,其创始领导人奥马尔于2015年、继任曼苏尔于2016年被美国定点清除。" ["time"]=> int(1578486992) } [23]=> array(11) { ["contentid"]=> int(1361498) ["icon"]=> string(5) "blank" ["iconsrc"]=> string(0) "" ["title"]=> string(51) "张维为:迷信西方话语只能是死路一条" ["color"]=> string(0) "" ["url"]=> string(46) "http://www.m4.cn/opinion/2020-01/1361498.shtml" ["subtitle"]=> string(0) "" ["suburl"]=> string(0) "" ["thumb"]=> string(27) "2020/0108/1578483154376.jpg" ["description"]=> string(393) "我们的一些知识精英有点像戈尔巴乔夫和阿达米辛,执迷于西方政治话语,希望中国也以西方话语为马首是瞻,尽快融入西方代表的所谓主流文明。一个主流文明,如果是中国参与形成的,比如联合国宪章所代表的国际法体系,这没有问题。但如果不是中国人一起参与形成的,我们则要谨慎对待。" ["time"]=> int(1578483164) } [24]=> array(11) { ["contentid"]=> int(1361443) ["icon"]=> string(5) "blank" ["iconsrc"]=> string(0) "" ["title"]=> string(21) "司马南:那封信" ["color"]=> string(0) "" ["url"]=> string(46) "http://www.m4.cn/opinion/2020-01/1361443.shtml" ["subtitle"]=> string(0) "" ["suburl"]=> string(0) "" ["thumb"]=> string(27) "2020/0107/1578362885956.jpg" ["description"]=> string(250) "我对伊朗人民怀有深深地敬意,这是一个非凡的民族,有着令人难以置信的遗产和无限的潜力。眼下最重要的是不应产生误判,我们不寻求伊朗政权更迭,美国是在阻止战争,而非发动战争。" ["time"]=> int(1578362907) } [25]=> array(11) { ["contentid"]=> int(1361471) ["icon"]=> string(5) "blank" ["iconsrc"]=> string(0) "" ["title"]=> string(60) "黄卫东:从两个时代对比看如何推翻美国霸权" ["color"]=> string(0) "" ["url"]=> string(46) "http://www.m4.cn/opinion/2020-01/1361471.shtml" ["subtitle"]=> string(0) "" ["suburl"]=> string(0) "" ["thumb"]=> string(27) "2020/0107/1578398001326.jpg" ["description"]=> string(270) "一个国家实力强大的关键是组织一支强大的军事队伍。历史上灭亡北宋的女真;灭亡南宋并横扫欧亚大陆的蒙古;以及统治中国的满清,都是刚刚走出原始社会,经济十分落后,主要依靠一支强大的军队。" ["time"]=> int(1578398005) } [26]=> array(11) { ["contentid"]=> int(1361419) ["icon"]=> string(5) "blank" ["iconsrc"]=> string(0) "" ["title"]=> string(62) "马丁·雅克:虽难以接受 未来十年仍"属于中国"" ["color"]=> string(0) "" ["url"]=> string(46) "http://www.m4.cn/opinion/2020-01/1361419.shtml" ["subtitle"]=> string(0) "" ["suburl"]=> string(0) "" ["thumb"]=> string(27) "2020/0106/1578284651288.jpg" ["description"]=> string(168) "2010年,中国已开始以新的方式影响全球观念。 在西方金融危机之前,它一直被视为资历很浅的新人。 金融危机改变了这一切。" ["time"]=> int(1578284725) } [27]=> array(11) { ["contentid"]=> int(1361399) ["icon"]=> string(5) "blank" ["iconsrc"]=> string(0) "" ["title"]=> string(60) "江涌:旅法女作家边芹对华夏文明危机的警示" ["color"]=> string(0) "" ["url"]=> string(46) "http://www.m4.cn/opinion/2020-01/1361399.shtml" ["subtitle"]=> string(0) "" ["suburl"]=> string(0) "" ["thumb"]=> string(27) "2020/0105/1578223115347.jpg" ["description"]=> string(255) "一个民族的审美权和道义权、文化的认同和自豪感,是文明生存的核心,关系国家的存亡。多年来,西方集团依仗其文化“软实力”,一直在悄悄地“导演”世界,这是隐形的“文明征服战”。" ["time"]=> int(1578223131) } [28]=> array(11) { ["contentid"]=> int(1361395) ["icon"]=> string(5) "blank" ["iconsrc"]=> string(0) "" ["title"]=> string(54) "钱昌明:美国霸权就是无知、傲慢与无赖" ["color"]=> string(0) "" ["url"]=> string(46) "http://www.m4.cn/opinion/2020-01/1361395.shtml" ["subtitle"]=> string(0) "" ["suburl"]=> string(0) "" ["thumb"]=> string(27) "2020/0105/1578218513991.jpg" ["description"]=> string(229) "1979年伊朗激进青年,为抗议美国干涉伊朗内政,发生的占领美国使馆事件。美、伊两国就此变“友邦”为仇敌,交恶至今!这难道不可能是美国与伊拉克未来关系的前景吗?" ["time"]=> int(1578218280) } }

胡新民:周恩来与新中国的对外开放

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3超级重器!中国国产最大盾构机"京华号"下线
4台当局扬言不用大陆疫苗 被讽:大陆稀罕你
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6亚美尼亚阿塞拜疆激烈交火!双方公布战果
7一夜之间,武汉“红”了
8美国21州疫情现重燃迹象 预计单日死亡人数
9这个民调结果一出,蔡英文压力要更大了
10台原住民歌手"我是骄傲的中国人"岛内网友点
11亚美尼亚与阿塞拜疆爆发新冲突,普京发声
12第七批在韩志愿军烈士在沈阳安葬 鸣枪致敬
13意媒:蓬佩奥将造访罗马 教皇拒绝与他会面
14印度快报:揭开印方屡次挑衅中国的深层次原
15耿直哥:特朗普的女儿伊万卡,可能危险了?
16一箭双星 中国成功发射环境减灾二号A、B卫
17西班牙一家废弃农场内动物自相残杀 饥饿宠
18时隔45天,华春莹为福奇再次发出感叹!
19美法官裁决封禁白宫TikTok行政令暂缓生效
20运20抵达仁川接第7批志愿军烈士遗骸回国
1马德里动物园管理员被自己从小养大的大猩猩
2来吵架的?特朗普联大讲话大篇幅攻击中国,
3美国人被这个案子的进展震惊了,美国政府也
4世卫科学家:中国新冠疫苗已被证明有效
5胡锡进:美军驻台?那就请准备迎接战争吧
6美国承认了:香港骚乱就是由他们支持和煽动
7耿直哥:巴巴多斯脱离英联邦也能赖上中国?
8专家建议:中国不保证不开第一枪
9周雪玲:印度到底行不行?
10普京与马克龙秘密通话泄露,重要内容被曝光
11侯中军:美国为何不同意台湾出兵朝鲜?
12“祝福祖国”大花篮亮相北京天安门广场
1377集团军合成旅雪域高原演练多炮种实射
14希腊人谈中国的视频火了,网友:也太了解中
15蓬佩奥威胁逮捕中国外交官 外交部回应
16防疫让日本得到一个意外惊喜?
17男子阿肯色公园挖出9.07克拉钻石 差点当玻
18国家再宣布重磅消息:"突围"芯片关键材料
19深度:美国社会真的相信科学家吗?
20环评:特朗普联大粗俗攻击中国 暴露了什么
1马德里动物园管理员被自己从小养大的大猩猩
2王洪光:印军若冒犯 四策使其遭灭顶之灾!
3对印大打中打小打,我们都准备好了
4特朗普禁令生效前 腾讯将办公版微信改名
5习近平的这五句话,掷地有声!
6储贺军:从《八佰》谈到解放台湾
7胡锡进:中国在不得不战时可放手一战
8来吵架的?特朗普联大讲话大篇幅攻击中国,
9郑永年教授:信号如此明显, 为何很多人还深
10时殷弘:大选结束前 中美之间六件事情已明
11超震撼!运-20从头顶掠过是种什么体验?
12重磅!数十万人紧急接种国产新冠灭活疫苗
13美当局:已做好“大规模伤亡”的准备
14CNN这直播,也实在太尴尬了……
15李毅答黄年:渡江战役后大陆不可能承认中华
16东部战区官微发话:丢掉幻想,准备战斗
17马丁·雅克:美国为什么一直针对中国?
18中国自主三代核电华龙一号全球首堆开始装料
19美国女孩录视频时 妈妈踏破天花板从天而降
20英德法三国致函安理会主席:不会恢复对伊制