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为何俄罗斯依然是一个强大的国家?

2020-01-11 20:21 作者:翻译熊 我要评论(0)

核心提示:西方繁荣的黄金时代已经结束,他们现在能做的就是利用乌克兰和罗马尼亚这样的穷国来解决他们自己的问题。

为何俄国依然是一个强国?

Why is Russia still a powerful country? 

译文简介:西方繁荣的黄金时代已经结束,他们现在能做的就是利用乌克兰和罗马尼亚这样的穷国来解决他们自己的问题。

译文来源:https://www.quora.com/Why-is-Russia-still-a-powerful-country

原创翻译:龙腾网

翻译:翻译熊Why is Russia still a powerful country?

为何俄国依然是一个强国?

Kuntal Sarma, Loves History & Geopolitics

Answered Apr 29, 2017

Russia is a superpower because it behaves like one and many countries depends on it either as a protector or for energy sources.Latvia, Slovakia, Finland & Estonia are 100% dependent on Russian oil. 80% oil and gas of The Czech Republic, Bulgaria, Lithuania comes from Russia and 60% of Greece, Austria and Hungary. All these oil & gas passes through pipelines which are laid from east to the west Europe. Half of Europe rely on Russia to keep their houses warm and vehicles moving.Militarily it is the second most advanced country in the world in terms of army & air-force. Only disadvantage it had was that, Russia did not have any all-weather warm water port. Now after annexation of Crimea, Russia has one, in the the form of Port of Sevastopol, Crimea.Russia is the world’s biggest nuclear power, ahead of the US. Countries such as Syria, Iran, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Belarus, Armenia looks towards Russia for their protection. China is the world''''s second largest economy but apart from North Korea no country depends on China for their safety. Infact China relies on the China-Russia relationship to defy US.Russia has a huge reserve of oil/natural gas and minerals in its Siberian region, which is its insurance against any world-wide financial turmoil and also a confirms that its economy is largely self sufficient and doesn''''t depend on any external factors.Vladimir Putin is an alpha male and a prime example of strong man politics. Having a leader with such a strong persona, adds on to the strength of the nation.Finally, historically Russia was the superpower that the Europe and US feared of throughout the 20th century. This continues even to today. The foreign policies of US is largely influenced by its fear of Russia. 

Kuntal Sarma, 热爱历史和地缘政治

俄罗斯是一个超级大国,因为它的行为举止就像一个超级大国,而许多国家要么依靠它来保护自己,要么依靠它来获取能源。

1.拉脱维亚、斯洛伐克、芬兰和爱沙尼亚100%依赖俄罗斯的石油。捷克共和国、保加利亚、立陶宛的石油和天然气80%来自俄罗斯,希腊、奥地利和匈牙利的石油和天然气60%来自俄罗斯。

2. 它是世界上陆军和空军第二发达的国家。唯一的缺点是,俄罗斯没有任何全天候的暖水港。在吞并克里米亚之后,俄罗斯有了一个克里米亚塞瓦斯托波尔港。

3. 俄罗斯是世界上最大的核大国,领先于美国。叙利亚、伊朗、哈萨克斯坦、吉尔吉斯斯坦、塔吉克斯坦、白俄罗斯、亚美尼亚等国向俄罗斯寻求保护。中国是世界第二大经济体,但除了朝鲜,没有哪个国家的安全依赖中国。事实上,中国依赖中俄关系来对抗美国。

Alex Ladov

upxed Jul 4, 2018

Mostly because of Mr. Putin. Russia had a chance to become as poor and deindustrialized as Ukraine, but this simple Russian man managed to change the course predicted by American friends and made Russia Great Again:

He also restored the old Soviet anthem. With just a change in lyrics, it became even better, though the music is still same and it guarantees that Russia will be powerful forever. Just listen and compare it with the American anthem. Warning! If you listen to it 10 times you may become a Russian spy:

主要是因为普京。

俄罗斯本来有机会变得像乌克兰一样贫穷和去工业化的,但这个俄罗斯人设法改变了美国朋友预测的进程,让俄罗斯再次变得伟大:(视频略)

他还恢复了旧的苏联国歌。歌词上的改变使它变得更好,尽管音乐仍然是一样的,它保证了俄罗斯将永远强大。听一听,把它和美国国歌比较一下。

警告!如果你听了10遍,你可能会成为一名俄罗斯间谍:(视频略)

Valentin Angelo Iseli

Apr 30, 2017 · 52 upvotes

I think Putin did help to grow the country in the 90ies( or maybe even until the Crimea Crisis), but then he pivoted to nationalism and interventionism, probably to distract from internal problems like absence of growth (maybe I do have the timing wrong with this point, due to falling oil prices, because the economy is not diversified enough), lack of representation of many groups and the demand for a better democracy (their perceived corruption index 2016 rated by Transparency international is lower than Honduras, Mexico, Malawi, Liberia, Mali and Ethiopia! Which means their people see it as more corrupt by indicators such as how many bribes they had to pay by year than the mentionned countries).

Russia as it is today probably won’t survive without him and the Russian people, especially the educated ones with dissident opinions, do suffer under him and his system. So I would not praise him for how he acts now. Similar to Erdogan, he did some good things in the beginning and became a huge problem later.

Now honestly, I think Russia is weakened and the interventions are mostly defensive of their sphere of influence (like Iran and Ukraine), which steadily receded, because the Russian system does not offer solutions to problems such as corruption and an undiversified economy.

They are still important, because they have nuclear warheads, oil production and a functioning army.

In the 90ies (before Crimea) I would have said Russia is still important, partially because of Putin, now I think Russia is still important partially despite of Putin.

我认为普京在90年代(甚至直到克里米亚危机)对俄罗斯的成长是有助益的(注:原文如此,但根据科普信息,普京是在叶利钦1999年12月31日突然辞职后担任的代总统)。

但随后他转向了民族主义和干涉主义,这可能是为了转移人们对国内问题的注意力,比如经济增长的匮乏(也许我在这一点上选错了,也可能是因为油价下跌,因为经济不够多样化)、许多团体缺乏代表性,要求更好的民主(透明国际2016年腐败指数,俄罗斯排名低于洪都拉斯、墨西哥、马拉维、利比里亚、马里和埃塞俄比亚。这意味着他们的人民认为它比提到的以上国家更腐败,比如他们每年要支付多少多少贿赂)。

如果没有普京,今天的俄罗斯可能无法生存。但俄罗斯人民,尤其是那些受过教育、持不同意见的人,在他和他的体制下受苦受难,所以我不会因为他现在的行为而赞美他。和埃尔多安一样,他一开始做了一些好事,后来却成了一个大问题。

老实说,我认为俄罗斯被削弱了,干预主要是为了保护其势力范围(如伊朗和乌克兰),而这些势力范围正在稳步缩小,因为俄罗斯的体制没有为腐败和单一经济等问题提供解决方案。

俄罗斯仍然很重要,因为它们拥有核弹头、石油产量和一支正常运作的军队。

在90年代(克里米亚之前),我会说俄罗斯仍然重要,部分是因为普京;现在我认为俄罗斯仍然重要,尽管有普京。

Alex Ladov

Original Author · Apr 30, 2017 · 32 upvotes

No, you got timing wrong. Russian economy was growing very fast till Ukrainian coup in 2014, after that he was forced to reunite Crimea (otherwise it would be American military base by now), then Americans (with help of their Saudi democratic friends) dropped oil and gas prices, Russian economy had an unexpectedly small recession after that as Russia is the biggest exporter of oil and gas, so it became necessary to restructure economy and make it more independent.

不,你选错时间了,俄罗斯经济增长非常迅速,直到2014年乌克兰政变。

他被迫重新统一克里米亚(否则现在它将成为美国的军事基地),然后美国人(在他们的沙特“民主”朋友的帮助下)降低了石油和天然气价格。

由于俄罗斯是世界上最大的石油和天然气出口国,因此有必要调整经济结构,使其更加独立。

Valentin Angelo Iseli

May 4, 2017 · 1 upvote

I think you have some good points. Thank you, I’ll have to think about it.

我认为你有些地方说得很好。

谢谢,我得考虑一下。

Ana Flora

May 5, 2017 · 9 upvotes

Every autocrat counts on a strong Propaganda and fanaticism. I’m sure Putin has done excellent things for Russia, for he is a nationalist (although also a totalitarian). However, to me, with my Western outlook (derived from the Greek democracy that permeated our Western culture), I cannot accept and find any good in a country with no freedom. I do understand the Russians though, for they have an eternal tradition (and history) of bowing for autocrats.

每个统治者都依赖强有力的宣传和狂热。

我相信普京为俄罗斯做了很多好事,因为他是一个民族主义者(尽管也是一个极权主义者)。

然而,对我来说,以我的西方观点(源自于渗透进我们西方文化的希腊民主),我无法接受,也无法在一个没有自由的国家找到任何好处。不过,我确实理解俄罗斯人,因为他们有向统治者鞠躬的永恒传统(和历史)。

Alex Ladov

Original Author · May 7, 2017 · 12 upvotes

We would gladly stop spending money on missiles if US removes all their military bases around Russia

That may be true but this is not a reason to lose what we already have. Californians are poor comparing to Swiss but they are also not in a rush to give up everything they have and mimic Swiss political system and economy.

Besides, we have not just lower incomes but lower prices too, so life is not that bad, especially after referendum and reunification of Crimea with its California-like sunny climate :)

(其回复者的留言已被删除)

如果美国撤除他们在俄罗斯周围的所有军事基地,我们会很乐意停止在导弹上花钱。

“加州没有石油或天然气,但经济产出比俄罗斯大。”

这也许是对的,但这并不是失去我们已经拥有的东西的理由。与瑞士人相比,加州人很穷,但他们也不急于放弃他们所拥有的一切,去模仿瑞士的政治制度和经济。

此外,我们不仅收入更低,物价也更低,所以生活并没有那么糟糕,尤其是克里米亚公投和再次统一之后,那里的明媚气候就跟加州一样。/笑

Christer ML Bendixen

May 10, 2017 · 2 upvotes

“We would gladly stop spending money on missiles if US removes all their military bases around Russia”

– I can believe that’s the attitude of the Russian people, but how do we know that Putin and the gang won’t seize the opportunity to engage in more foreign interventions?

“如果美国撤除他们在俄罗斯周围的所有军事基地,我们会很乐意停止在导弹上花钱。”

我相信这是俄罗斯人民的态度,但是我们怎么知道普京和他的团队不会抓住机会进行更多的外国干预呢?

Jet Genova

May 3, 2017 · 19 upvotes

Hahaha. Do you even know what your “American friends” were recommending? If Russia had done these things, it could have a real democracy, and diversified strong economy with multiple global companies like South Korea, Japan, or any Western European country by now who are rich without pumping oil. Did Putin liberate markets and fight corruption to spur business growth? No, he awarded all the industrial wealth of the country to a few individuals in his inner circle, to cement himself in the power seat. Russian economic growth exactly repeats the oil price growth. That''''s it. Big achievement.. in the meantime the well educated Russian population is underutilized and your brightest people run away overseas and use their talent to help build companies like Google and Apple.

哈哈哈哈哈,你是否知道你的“美国朋友”之前(给俄罗斯)推荐了什么吗?

如果俄罗斯做了这些事情,它可能会是一个真正的民主国家,一个多元化的强大经济体,拥有韩国、日本等那样的多个全球公司,或者像任何一个西欧国家,这些国家现在富裕了,不用开采石油。

普京解放了市场,打击了腐败,刺激了经济增长吗?不,他把这个国家所有的工业财富都给了他小圈子里的几个人,以巩固自己在权力宝座上的地位。

俄罗斯的经济增长不过是油价的增长导致的,仅此而已,多大成就啊。

与此同时,受过良好教育的俄罗斯人没有得到充分利用,你们最聪明的人逃到海外,用他们的才能帮助建立像谷歌和苹果这样的公司。

Alex Ladov

Original Author · May 4, 2017 · 9 upvotes

>If Russia had done these things, it could have a real democracy, and diversified strong economy

Like in Ukraine or Romania or Bulgaria? LOL.

I agree that US did something good for South Korea, Japan and Western Europe LONG TIME AGO. At that time America was really great, not anymore, now all real economy and real money is in China and Asia, and US is just trying to survive by leveraging their military power and huge borrowing. As for Russia, we already saw how their “help” works after Perestroika, we are lucky that Russia survived at all and was not converted into permanent war zone like Ukraine. By the way, their goal in Ukraine is total de-industrialization and reducing its population, US know that 80% of people in this semi-country speak Russian and will always treat it like enemy.

“如果俄罗斯做了这些事情,它可能会是一个真正的民主国家,一个多元化的强大经济体……”

或者最终会像乌克兰、罗马尼亚或保加利亚。哈哈哈哈

Alex Ladov

Original Author · May 4, 2017 · 7 upvotes

It is not just about corruption (which Russia fights quite well without western help). It is also about possibility to borrow. Average American has $200,000 debt. Most Western countries are in debt too albeit less than USA. Poland also borrowed and received lots of money from EU to improve their quality of life…. and still I doubt that average quality of life in Russia is worse considering lover prices for energy and gas.

Yes, Russia has oil. That was the reason why it was difficult to develop production of goods, it made sense just to drill and pump and buy everything else cheaper than local production. Now prices are lower but economy was not ruined at all, it was restructured and this year Russian economy is slowly growing again, unemployment is pretty low etc. Al in all, Russia is doing quite well even with lower oil prices.

这不仅仅是腐败问题(俄罗斯在没有西方帮助的情况下也能很好地打击腐败)。这还涉及到借款的可能性——(美国国债导致)美国人平均负债20万美元。大多数西方国家也有债务,尽管比美国少。波兰也从欧盟借了很多钱来改善他们的生活质量。考虑到能源和天然气的低廉价格,我仍然怀疑俄罗斯的平均生活质量是否更差。

是,俄罗斯有石油。这就是为什么很难发展商品生产,因为只有钻探、泵和购买一切比当地生产更便宜的东西才有意义。现在物价下降了,但经济并没有被摧毁,而是进行了重组,今年俄罗斯经济再次缓慢增长,失业率也很低。总的来说,即使油价下跌,俄罗斯也会运转得很好。

As for illusions about improving life in Ukraine by joining West… forget about it, Poland was the last country US used as an example to demonstrate advantage of Western block. They had money to help Poland 20 years ago. They don’t have money now to help others. They even have not enough money to sustain their current standard of life, West is slowly getting poorer and China is getting richer. Ukraine will be simply used to 1) hurt Russians in both Russia and Ukraine 2) to resolve demographic problems in EU, so all active young people will immigrate and never return (even Poland is suffering from that and hopes to replace immigrated workers with Ukrainian labor).

The Golden Age of Western prosperity is over. All they can do now is to exploit poor countries like Ukraine and Romania to resolve their own problems.

至于通过加入西方来改善乌克兰生活的幻想……算了吧,波兰是最后一个被美国用来展示西方阵营优势的国家了。20年前,他们有钱帮助波兰。但他们现在没钱去帮助别人了。他们甚至没有足够的钱来维持目前的生活水平,西方正慢慢变穷,而中国正变得越来越富有。

乌克兰未来能派上用场的地方:1. 伤害俄罗斯和乌克兰的俄罗斯人;2. 为了解决欧盟的人口问题,所有活跃的(乌克兰)年轻人都会移民,而且永远不会再回来(即使是波兰也在遭受移民之苦,希望用乌克兰劳工取代移民工人)。

西方繁荣的黄金时代已经结束,他们现在能做的就是利用乌克兰和罗马尼亚这样的穷国来解决他们自己的问题。

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["color"]=> string(0) "" ["url"]=> string(46) "http://www.m4.cn/opinion/2020-01/1361575.shtml" ["subtitle"]=> string(0) "" ["suburl"]=> string(0) "" ["thumb"]=> string(27) "2020/0111/1578702088408.jpg" ["description"]=> string(240) "伊朗的导弹没有伤及美军士兵,这让很多人长舒一口气。但一夜之间,它又面临来自数个西方大国对它击落民航客机的指控。但是谁应为乌克兰航空这架客机的坠落负责却陷入谜团。" ["time"]=> int(1578702092) } [4]=> array(11) { ["contentid"]=> int(1361574) ["icon"]=> string(5) "blank" ["iconsrc"]=> string(0) "" ["title"]=> string(60) "媗媗:惨烈的澳大利亚大火,人祸还是天灾?" ["color"]=> string(0) "" ["url"]=> string(46) "http://www.m4.cn/opinion/2020-01/1361574.shtml" ["subtitle"]=> string(0) "" ["suburl"]=> string(0) "" ["thumb"]=> string(27) "2020/0111/1578701724774.jpg" ["description"]=> string(171) "澳大利亚持续燃烧近四个月的大火,一次次吸引了全世界的目光。持续不灭的林火是人祸还是天灾?为什么今年的大火尤其惨烈?" ["time"]=> int(1578701747) } [5]=> array(11) { ["contentid"]=> int(1361570) ["icon"]=> string(5) "blank" ["iconsrc"]=> string(0) "" ["title"]=> string(53) "CCNUMPFC:多国共产党就伊朗局势发表声明" ["color"]=> string(0) "" ["url"]=> string(46) "http://www.m4.cn/opinion/2020-01/1361570.shtml" ["subtitle"]=> string(0) "" ["suburl"]=> string(0) "" ["thumb"]=> string(27) "2020/0110/1578662387735.jpg" ["description"]=> string(333) "近几个月,伊拉克和黎巴嫩民众普遍抗议外国尤其是伊朗政权的干涉。伊朗人民党谴责特朗普政府的这种恐怖主义行为——这表明特朗普政府公然蔑视国际法——认为必须采取一切努力,以防止伊朗危机升级,防止该地区紧张局势朝军事冲突方向发展。" ["time"]=> int(1578662413) } [6]=> array(11) { ["contentid"]=> int(1361569) ["icon"]=> string(5) "blank" ["iconsrc"]=> string(0) "" ["title"]=> string(54) "杨昭友:公知要指引霉军导弹飞向哪里?" ["color"]=> string(0) "" ["url"]=> string(46) "http://www.m4.cn/opinion/2020-01/1361569.shtml" ["subtitle"]=> string(0) "" ["suburl"]=> string(0) "" ["thumb"]=> string(27) "2020/0110/1578661964248.jpg" ["description"]=> string(288) "美国用卑鄙的手段谋杀了伊朗储君苏莱曼尼,全世界为之震惊,舆论一片哗然,就连霉离间的人民也对此以游行示威发起抗议。然而,中国的公知却一个个欢呼雀跃,与特朗普的口径高度一致,把恐怖谋杀美化为反恐。" ["time"]=> int(1578661984) } [7]=> array(11) { ["contentid"]=> int(1361565) ["icon"]=> string(5) "blank" ["iconsrc"]=> string(0) "" ["title"]=> string(58) "金灿荣:暗杀苏莱曼尼 开了极其危险的先河" ["color"]=> string(0) "" ["url"]=> string(46) "http://www.m4.cn/opinion/2020-01/1361565.shtml" ["subtitle"]=> string(0) "" ["suburl"]=> string(0) "" ["thumb"]=> string(27) "2020/0110/1578654810419.jpg" ["description"]=> string(225) "美国暗杀苏莱曼尼从国际法角度来讲,这个事情开了一个很不好的先例。你对一个没有宣战的国家,它的一个重要的领导人采取暗杀行动,这个是肯定是不符合国际法的。" ["time"]=> int(1578655441) } [8]=> array(11) { ["contentid"]=> int(1361537) ["icon"]=> string(5) "blank" ["iconsrc"]=> string(0) "" ["title"]=> string(61) "李光满:特朗普认怂“没伤亡 不会动用军队”" ["color"]=> string(0) "" ["url"]=> string(46) "http://www.m4.cn/opinion/2020-01/1361537.shtml" ["subtitle"]=> string(0) "" ["suburl"]=> string(0) "" ["thumb"]=> string(27) "2020/0109/1578579759912.jpg" ["description"]=> string(385) "北京时间1月9日零点30分,美国总统特朗普就伊朗局势发表全国讲话。从特朗普对全美发表的讲话可以看出,特朗普所代表的美国就是一只纸老虎,当你软弱的时候,他就是一只会咬人的真老虎,野蛮、邪恶、凶残,而当你强硬的时候,他就是一只色厉内荏的纸老虎,懦弱、胆怯、毫无血性。" ["time"]=> int(1578579858) } [9]=> array(11) { ["contentid"]=> int(1361564) ["icon"]=> string(5) "blank" ["iconsrc"]=> string(0) "" ["title"]=> string(51) "付欣宇:纪念《湘江评论》发表100周年" ["color"]=> string(0) "" ["url"]=> string(42) "http://history.m4.cn/2020-01/1361564.shtml" ["subtitle"]=> string(0) "" ["suburl"]=> string(0) "" ["thumb"]=> string(27) "2020/0110/1578652627438.jpg" ["description"]=> string(205) "天下者我们的天下,国家者我们的国家,社会者我们的社会,我们不说谁说?我们不干谁干?——这是毛主席在1919年创办的《湘江评论》中豪气干云的话。" ["time"]=> int(1578652707) } [10]=> array(11) { ["contentid"]=> int(1361535) ["icon"]=> string(5) "blank" ["iconsrc"]=> string(0) "" ["title"]=> string(60) "黄卫东:英美精英的凶残与宽容及其内在根源" ["color"]=> string(0) "" ["url"]=> string(46) "http://www.m4.cn/opinion/2020-01/1361535.shtml" ["subtitle"]=> string(0) "" ["suburl"]=> string(0) "" ["thumb"]=> string(27) "2020/0109/1578578274136.jpg" ["description"]=> string(396) "英美精英对美国黑人先后实行奴隶主和种族隔离制度,在美国建国后的240余年历史中,长达188年,此后实际上仍然歧视美国黑人;更凶残的是种族灭绝了无数印第安人民族,彻底消灭了土地的主人;在南北内战期间,对美国南方白人一样实施三光政策,但却宽容发动内战的南方精英,基本没有处罚。" ["time"]=> int(1578578282) } [11]=> array(11) { ["contentid"]=> int(1361534) ["icon"]=> string(5) "blank" ["iconsrc"]=> string(0) "" ["title"]=> string(61) "肖志夫:中美关系曲折艰难 彰显美国外交荒唐" ["color"]=> string(0) "" ["url"]=> string(46) "http://www.m4.cn/opinion/2020-01/1361534.shtml" ["subtitle"]=> string(0) "" ["suburl"]=> string(0) "" ["thumb"]=> string(27) "2020/0109/1578578097945.jpg" ["description"]=> string(249) "特朗普几乎完美地传承了美国白人祖先的一切臭毛病,六亲不认,唯利是图,为了美国利益,可以不择手段掠夺世界,反正美国只能占便宜,不能吃亏,其行径甚至野蛮到厚颜无耻的程度。" ["time"]=> int(1578578122) } [12]=> array(11) { ["contentid"]=> int(1361514) ["icon"]=> string(5) "blank" ["iconsrc"]=> string(0) "" ["title"]=> string(63) "补壹刀:特朗普回应!"三次世界大战"和平收尾了" ["color"]=> string(0) "" ["url"]=> string(46) "http://www.m4.cn/opinion/2020-01/1361514.shtml" ["subtitle"]=> string(0) "" ["suburl"]=> string(0) "" ["thumb"]=> string(27) "2020/0109/1578540094597.jpg" ["description"]=> string(150) "北京时间9日凌晨,特朗普针对伊朗的讲话姗姗来迟,又开门见山。全程仅10分钟的短暂讲话,却传达出诸多讯息。" ["time"]=> int(1578540102) } [13]=> array(11) { ["contentid"]=> int(1361533) ["icon"]=> string(5) "blank" ["iconsrc"]=> string(0) "" ["title"]=> string(61) "加拿大共产党:拒绝镇压!声援智利人民的斗争" ["color"]=> string(0) "" ["url"]=> string(46) "http://www.m4.cn/opinion/2020-01/1361533.shtml" ["subtitle"]=> string(0) "" ["suburl"]=> string(0) "" ["thumb"]=> string(27) "2020/0109/1578577938118.jpg" ["description"]=> string(186) "加拿大共产党对智利共产党的同志们、对制宪会议运动、对为结束遗留的法西斯主义和为劳动人民美好未来进行积极的斗争表示充分地声援。" ["time"]=> int(1578577946) } [14]=> array(11) { ["contentid"]=> int(1361516) ["icon"]=> string(5) "blank" ["iconsrc"]=> string(0) "" ["title"]=> string(54) "王文:美伊战争即将打响?恐怕不是那样" ["color"]=> string(0) "" ["url"]=> string(46) "http://www.m4.cn/opinion/2020-01/1361516.shtml" ["subtitle"]=> string(0) "" ["suburl"]=> string(0) "" ["thumb"]=> string(0) "" ["description"]=> string(249) "随着伊朗军方高官苏莱马尼被美国袭击身亡事件影响的不断深化,美国伊朗将爆发战争的预测再次流行。许多人不了解伊朗,更无法理解伊朗为何敢与世界唯一超级大国美国对抗那么多年?" ["time"]=> int(1578541110) } [15]=> array(11) { ["contentid"]=> int(1361505) ["icon"]=> string(5) "blank" ["iconsrc"]=> string(0) "" ["title"]=> string(60) "冯寂然:从情系群众信访看周恩来的初心使命" ["color"]=> string(0) "" ["url"]=> string(42) "http://history.m4.cn/2020-01/1361505.shtml" ["subtitle"]=> string(0) "" ["suburl"]=> string(0) "" ["thumb"]=> string(27) "2020/0108/1578489254155.jpg" ["description"]=> string(207) "周恩来总理在日理万机之余,一以贯之地关心、重视人民来信来访工作,视其为党和政府联系人民群众的桥梁,为信访工作的建设呕心沥血,作出巨大贡献。" ["time"]=> int(1578489273) } [16]=> array(11) { ["contentid"]=> int(1361506) ["icon"]=> string(5) "blank" ["iconsrc"]=> string(0) "" ["title"]=> string(60) "前驻伊朗大使华黎明:不能排除美伊全面开战" ["color"]=> string(0) "" ["url"]=> string(46) "http://www.m4.cn/opinion/2020-01/1361506.shtml" ["subtitle"]=> string(0) "" ["suburl"]=> string(0) "" ["thumb"]=> string(27) "2020/0108/1578490938667.jpg" ["description"]=> string(291) "中国国际问题研究院特邀研究员、驻伊朗前大使华黎明表示,美伊冲突愈演愈烈,这是对美伊双方领导人智慧的考验,使局势保持在可控范围内对双方都有利,目前不能排除双方爆发大规模军事冲突甚至全面战争的可能。" ["time"]=> int(1578490947) } [17]=> array(11) { ["contentid"]=> int(1361418) ["icon"]=> string(5) "blank" ["iconsrc"]=> string(0) "" ["title"]=> string(60) "金灿荣:有好多国家利用一个中国政策赚便宜" ["color"]=> string(0) "" ["url"]=> string(46) "http://www.m4.cn/opinion/2020-01/1361418.shtml" ["subtitle"]=> string(0) "" ["suburl"]=> string(0) "" ["thumb"]=> string(27) "2020/0106/1578281845565.jpg" ["description"]=> string(192) "我们国家有一群研究台湾问题的专家是非常优秀的。我主要还是研究中美关系的,所以我是把台湾问题放到中美关系这个框架里面来谈一点看法。" ["time"]=> int(1578281850) } [18]=> array(11) { ["contentid"]=> int(1361499) ["icon"]=> string(5) "blank" ["iconsrc"]=> string(0) "" ["title"]=> string(45) "刘祚昌:林肯解放黑奴的历史真相" ["color"]=> string(0) "" ["url"]=> string(42) "http://history.m4.cn/2020-01/1361499.shtml" ["subtitle"]=> string(0) "" ["suburl"]=> string(0) "" ["thumb"]=> string(27) "2020/0108/1578483395405.jpg" ["description"]=> string(351) ":“解放宣言”虽然是北方资产阶级政府所颁布的,但它只不过是一纸空文,它之变为实际,是黑人自己用流血牺牲争取到的。由此可见,美国黑人之能够从奴隶制度的压迫下解放出来,并不是出于什么资产阶级的“恩赐”,而是通过黑人自己的艰苦斗争而实现的。" ["time"]=> int(1578483360) } [19]=> array(11) { ["contentid"]=> int(1361396) ["icon"]=> string(5) "blank" ["iconsrc"]=> string(0) "" ["title"]=> string(36) "李毅:评台湾《反渗透法》" ["color"]=> string(0) "" ["url"]=> string(46) "http://www.m4.cn/opinion/2020-01/1361396.shtml" ["subtitle"]=> string(0) "" ["suburl"]=> string(0) "" ["thumb"]=> string(27) "2020/0105/1578220923755.jpg" ["description"]=> string(213) "统一与台独之争,是你死我活、有你无我、有我无你的。根据台湾现行的中国宪法、中国法律体系,台湾省是中国的一个省,台独是分裂国家,是违法犯罪行为。" ["time"]=> int(1578220938) } [20]=> array(11) { ["contentid"]=> int(1361503) ["icon"]=> string(5) "blank" ["iconsrc"]=> string(0) "" ["title"]=> string(59) "林爱玥:竟然有公知为美国的"斩首行动"叫好" ["color"]=> string(0) "" ["url"]=> string(46) "http://www.m4.cn/opinion/2020-01/1361503.shtml" ["subtitle"]=> string(0) "" ["suburl"]=> string(0) "" ["thumb"]=> string(27) "2020/0108/1578488702804.jpg" ["description"]=> string(276) "公知对毛主席是什么态度那是有目共睹的,然而,这些自称信仰所谓“普世价值”的人对大慈大悲的毛主席竭尽抹黑诋毁之能事,却对特朗普之类的战争狂人顶礼膜拜,公知是些什么货色,还不够一目了然吗?" ["time"]=> int(1578488729) } [21]=> array(11) { ["contentid"]=> int(1361501) ["icon"]=> string(5) "blank" ["iconsrc"]=> string(0) "" ["title"]=> string(60) "弱国无外交!细数美国当年那些无耻战争借口" ["color"]=> string(0) "" ["url"]=> string(46) "http://www.m4.cn/opinion/2020-01/1361501.shtml" ["subtitle"]=> string(0) "" ["suburl"]=> string(0) "" ["thumb"]=> string(27) "2020/0108/1578485161447.jpg" ["description"]=> string(387) "美国,一个只有200多年历史的国家,从欧洲列强远渡重洋建立起殖民地开始,迅速发展成为一个称霸世界的超级大国。从那时起,权利和财富便是美国争夺的目标。它似一匹贪婪的财狼,不断从它人口中夺食,用暴力、战争、枪炮去征服、掠夺、侵占别人的国家,不断建立起今天的霸主地位。" ["time"]=> int(1578485160) } [22]=> array(11) { ["contentid"]=> int(1361502) ["icon"]=> string(5) "blank" ["iconsrc"]=> string(0) "" ["title"]=> string(60) "朱新开:美国已清除六国元首,又在瞄向谁?" ["color"]=> string(0) "" ["url"]=> string(46) "http://www.m4.cn/opinion/2020-01/1361502.shtml" ["subtitle"]=> string(0) "" ["suburl"]=> string(0) "" ["thumb"]=> string(27) "2020/0108/1578486972349.jpg" ["description"]=> string(315) "除与中国交手的朝鲜战争、越南战争,以及未有结局的叙利亚战争,美国可谓是屡屡得手,乃至直接清除了对方的国家元首,包括在2001年发动阿富汗战争推翻塔利班政权,其创始领导人奥马尔于2015年、继任曼苏尔于2016年被美国定点清除。" ["time"]=> int(1578486992) } [23]=> array(11) { ["contentid"]=> int(1361498) ["icon"]=> string(5) "blank" ["iconsrc"]=> string(0) "" ["title"]=> string(51) "张维为:迷信西方话语只能是死路一条" ["color"]=> string(0) "" ["url"]=> string(46) "http://www.m4.cn/opinion/2020-01/1361498.shtml" ["subtitle"]=> string(0) "" ["suburl"]=> string(0) "" ["thumb"]=> string(27) "2020/0108/1578483154376.jpg" ["description"]=> string(393) "我们的一些知识精英有点像戈尔巴乔夫和阿达米辛,执迷于西方政治话语,希望中国也以西方话语为马首是瞻,尽快融入西方代表的所谓主流文明。一个主流文明,如果是中国参与形成的,比如联合国宪章所代表的国际法体系,这没有问题。但如果不是中国人一起参与形成的,我们则要谨慎对待。" ["time"]=> int(1578483164) } [24]=> array(11) { ["contentid"]=> int(1361443) ["icon"]=> string(5) "blank" ["iconsrc"]=> string(0) "" ["title"]=> string(21) "司马南:那封信" ["color"]=> string(0) "" ["url"]=> string(46) "http://www.m4.cn/opinion/2020-01/1361443.shtml" ["subtitle"]=> string(0) "" ["suburl"]=> string(0) "" ["thumb"]=> string(27) "2020/0107/1578362885956.jpg" ["description"]=> string(250) "我对伊朗人民怀有深深地敬意,这是一个非凡的民族,有着令人难以置信的遗产和无限的潜力。眼下最重要的是不应产生误判,我们不寻求伊朗政权更迭,美国是在阻止战争,而非发动战争。" ["time"]=> int(1578362907) } [25]=> array(11) { ["contentid"]=> int(1361471) ["icon"]=> string(5) "blank" ["iconsrc"]=> string(0) "" ["title"]=> string(60) "黄卫东:从两个时代对比看如何推翻美国霸权" ["color"]=> string(0) "" ["url"]=> string(46) "http://www.m4.cn/opinion/2020-01/1361471.shtml" ["subtitle"]=> string(0) "" ["suburl"]=> string(0) "" ["thumb"]=> string(27) "2020/0107/1578398001326.jpg" ["description"]=> string(270) "一个国家实力强大的关键是组织一支强大的军事队伍。历史上灭亡北宋的女真;灭亡南宋并横扫欧亚大陆的蒙古;以及统治中国的满清,都是刚刚走出原始社会,经济十分落后,主要依靠一支强大的军队。" ["time"]=> int(1578398005) } [26]=> array(11) { ["contentid"]=> int(1361419) ["icon"]=> string(5) "blank" ["iconsrc"]=> string(0) "" ["title"]=> string(62) "马丁·雅克:虽难以接受 未来十年仍"属于中国"" ["color"]=> string(0) "" ["url"]=> string(46) "http://www.m4.cn/opinion/2020-01/1361419.shtml" ["subtitle"]=> string(0) "" ["suburl"]=> string(0) "" ["thumb"]=> string(27) "2020/0106/1578284651288.jpg" ["description"]=> string(168) "2010年,中国已开始以新的方式影响全球观念。 在西方金融危机之前,它一直被视为资历很浅的新人。 金融危机改变了这一切。" ["time"]=> int(1578284725) } [27]=> array(11) { ["contentid"]=> int(1361399) ["icon"]=> string(5) "blank" ["iconsrc"]=> string(0) "" ["title"]=> string(60) "江涌:旅法女作家边芹对华夏文明危机的警示" ["color"]=> string(0) "" ["url"]=> string(46) "http://www.m4.cn/opinion/2020-01/1361399.shtml" ["subtitle"]=> string(0) "" ["suburl"]=> string(0) "" ["thumb"]=> string(27) "2020/0105/1578223115347.jpg" ["description"]=> string(255) "一个民族的审美权和道义权、文化的认同和自豪感,是文明生存的核心,关系国家的存亡。多年来,西方集团依仗其文化“软实力”,一直在悄悄地“导演”世界,这是隐形的“文明征服战”。" ["time"]=> int(1578223131) } [28]=> array(11) { ["contentid"]=> int(1361395) ["icon"]=> string(5) "blank" ["iconsrc"]=> string(0) "" ["title"]=> string(54) "钱昌明:美国霸权就是无知、傲慢与无赖" ["color"]=> string(0) "" ["url"]=> string(46) "http://www.m4.cn/opinion/2020-01/1361395.shtml" ["subtitle"]=> string(0) "" ["suburl"]=> string(0) "" ["thumb"]=> string(27) "2020/0105/1578218513991.jpg" ["description"]=> string(229) "1979年伊朗激进青年,为抗议美国干涉伊朗内政,发生的占领美国使馆事件。美、伊两国就此变“友邦”为仇敌,交恶至今!这难道不可能是美国与伊拉克未来关系的前景吗?" ["time"]=> int(1578218280) } }

胡新民:周恩来与新中国的对外开放

1中国第一波,欧美第二波,第三波疫情可能在
2打破西方垄断,我国出口印度最大直径盾构机
3中国军队是否向国外军队提供医疗援助?国防
4乌克兰著名记者怒怼西方:你们有本事别用中
5美国病例破十万 华盛顿大学预测死亡人数惊
6外媒:中国机器人潜艇已做好战斗准备
7比尔·盖茨:但凡美国有一丁点儿像样,情况
8福克斯女主播被解约:此前曾和刘欣约辩
9国际锐评:美确诊病例暴增 无良政客该警醒
10外交部新闻司对三家美媒发行人联名公开信的
11双重警钟!钟南山:保持现有防控 张文宏:防
12台湾警方最高长官陈家钦因伪造文书罪被调查
13澳记者直播时遭裸男抢镜 导播瞬间切换画面
14法国医生发裸照抗议,直指马克龙,称一线医
15特朗普:我打电话慰问约翰逊 他第一句话是
16FBI警告:美国针对亚裔仇恨犯罪将攀升 反歧
17纽约地铁疑遭人为纵火!英雄司机为疏散乘客
18中国援塞尔维亚医疗队到我被炸使馆旧址凭吊
19中疾控主任高福接受美国《科学》采访 指出
20美国新航母曝出"肮脏内幕" 通次厕所40万
1美国人追查到疑似新冠肺炎零号病例,军运会
2武汉零号病人终于找到了!果然是参加军运会
3查尔斯王子确诊 英国民众被官方通报的这句
4驻美大使崔天凯接受美媒采访,回应实录
5彭佩奥G7批中国散布假消息 媒体指六国反对
6李毅:世界格局突然巨变……
7麻生太郎吐槽欧洲:2月底你们还说这是黄种
8专家:中方让步无法换美收手 斗争求和是目
9裸裕的麦当娜为什么说冠状病毒是"伟大的"?
10司马南:世界格局改变加速,担心什么?
11司马南:节骨眼儿上,中国要不要帮美国?
12金灿荣谈台湾:现在是祖国统一的好时机吗?
13又现"巨婴"!泰国回国女子重庆机场拒绝隔离
14储贺军:抗疫中的西方民主制与中国道路
15天津海关从美国进境燕麦种子中检出豚草
16特朗普暗示中国9月就该通报疫情 美顶级传染
17意大利又一狂怼市民的市长被中国网友送上热
18杨承军:借疫情发难 对美斗争要让其感到痛
19 金灿荣:中国抗疫的国际比较
20郁慕明语中评:两岸已经回不去了
1美国,必须交出5个在武汉军运会后专机接回
2美国人追查到疑似新冠肺炎零号病例,军运会
3美媒:意大利的医院要扛不住了……
4武汉零号病人终于找到了!果然是参加军运会
5现在,荷兰人抢购的竟然是……大麻
6意大利确诊215例:11座城镇封城超市被扫购
7巴基斯坦18岁少年翻进动物园被狮子吃掉
8钟南山院士一语说破了美国的真相
9李毅:世界格局突然巨变
10中国出手了!刚刚,外交部发最新声明
11约翰·加尔通惊世预言——美帝国将在2020年
12司马南:“双渗透”考验中国
13重大发现!我国渤海发现大型油田
14查尔斯王子确诊 英国民众被官方通报的这句
15金灿荣:建议把说中国不行的公知们赶到美国
16驻美大使崔天凯接受美媒采访,回应实录
17司马南:看美国人下棋
18原油价格暴跌对美国经济到底什么影响?
19金灿荣总结新冠教训:今后医改应重视防疫
20金灿荣:新冠疫情,让某些"社会中的病毒"暴